Benedict, Taylor and Gast, Anne (2020). Evaluative conditioning with fear- and disgust-evoking stimuli: no evidence that they increase learning without explicit memory. Cogn. Emot., 34 (1). S. 42 - 57. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. ISSN 1464-0600

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Abstract

Evaluative conditioning (EC) is a change in the liking of a stimulus (conditioned stimulus or CS) due to its previous pairings with another stimulus (unconditioned stimulus or US). In three experiments, we investigated if conditioning CSs with fear or disgust evoking USs increase EC effects that do not require explicit memory. Experiment 1 used images to manipulate the type of US between participants, Experiment 2 used auditory stimuli to manipulate the type of US within participants, and Experiment 3 used both images and auditory stimuli to manipulate the type of US within participants. All experiments failed to provide evidence that fear/disgust-evoking USs lead to larger EC effects without explicit memory than non-fear/non-disgust-evoking USs. Most results are in line with the assumption that the found EC effects are based on explicit memory. The results contribute to the larger goal in EC research of determining which conditions can lead to EC effects in the absence of explicit memory.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Benedict, TaylorUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-134623
DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2019.1646213
Journal or Publication Title: Cogn. Emot.
Volume: 34
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 42 - 57
Date: 2020
Publisher: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Place of Publication: ABINGDON
ISSN: 1464-0600
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
IMPLICIT MISATTRIBUTION; ATTITUDE FORMATION; AWARENESS; RESPONSES; FLAVOR; PREPAREDNESS; ACQUISITION; EXTINCTION; KNOWLEDGE; AMYGDALAMultiple languages
Psychology, ExperimentalMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/13462

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