Roheger, Mandy ORCID: 0000-0002-6015-3194, Eriksdotter, Maria ORCID: 0000-0003-2498-4000, Westling, Karin, Kalbe, Elke and Garcia-Ptacek, Sara ORCID: 0000-0002-1537-6129 (2019). Basic Diagnostic Work-Up Is More Complete in Rural than in Urban Areas for Patients with Dementia: Results of a Swedish Dementia Registry Study. J. Alzheimers Dis., 69 (2). S. 455 - 463. AMSTERDAM: IOS PRESS. ISSN 1875-8908

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Background: Life in rural areas differs from life in urban areas not only in geographical conditions, but also in health care structure. Objective: Our aim is to compare the diagnostic process and the management of dementia in rural and urban areas of Sweden. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of patients with dementia living in rural (n = 16,428), intermediate (n = 18,033), and urban (n = 23,680) areas in Sweden including patients registered from 2007 through 2014 in the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem). Descriptive statistics are shown. Odds ratios with 95% CI are presented for basic diagnostic examinations in rural compared to intermediate and urban areas, adjusted for age, sex, type of care (primary versus specialist), and comorbidities. Analyses were also stratified for diagnostic care unit (primary versus specialist). Results: Patients who lived in rural areas were more likely to receive a complete basic examination, MMSE examination, Clock test, blood analysis, and neuro-imaging, compared to patients living in urban areas, and also compared to patients living in intermediate areas. Sex differences were seen in nearly all domains, with men receiving more diagnostic work-up than women. Stratified analyses show that in primary care, the complete basic examination is less frequently performed in urban and intermediate areas compared to rural areas. Conclusion: There are differences in diagnostic work-up for dementia between rural, intermediate, and urban areas in Sweden. These results should be considered in future healthcare decisions to ensure equality of health care across rural and urban areas.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-138807
DOI: 10.3233/JAD-190017
Journal or Publication Title: J. Alzheimers Dis.
Volume: 69
Number: 2
Page Range: S. 455 - 463
Date: 2019
Publisher: IOS PRESS
Place of Publication: AMSTERDAM
ISSN: 1875-8908
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
SVEDEM; COHORTMultiple languages
NeurosciencesMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes


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