Fleischmann, Alexandra ORCID: 0000-0001-8290-4561, Lammers, Joris, Conway, Paul and Galinsky, Adam D. (2019). Paradoxical Effects of Power on Moral Thinking: Why Power Both Increases and Decreases Deontological and Utilitarian Moral Decisions. Soc. Psychol. Personal Sci., 10 (1). S. 110 - 121. THOUSAND OAKS: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. ISSN 1948-5514

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Abstract

The current research explores the role of power in moral decision-making. Some work suggests that power increases utilitarianism; other work suggests power increases deontological judgments. Conversely, we propose that power can both increase and decrease both deontological and utilitarian decisions by building on two recent insights in moral psychology. First, we utilize the moral orientation scale to assess four thinking styles that jointly predict moral dilemma decisions. Second, we employ process dissociation to assess deontological and utilitarian judgments as orthogonal rather than opposite constructs. We conducted two preregistered confirmatory studies that replicated exploratory findings. In Study 1, power increased three moral thinking styles: integration, deliberation, and rule orientation. In Study 2, these decision-making styles simultaneously mediated the effects of power on utilitarian and deontological responses in opposing ways, leading to null effects overall. These results reconcile previous findings and demonstrate the complex yet systematic effects power has on moral decision-making.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Fleischmann, AlexandraUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8290-4561UNSPECIFIED
Lammers, JorisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Conway, PaulUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Galinsky, Adam D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-140846
DOI: 10.1177/1948550617744022
Journal or Publication Title: Soc. Psychol. Personal Sci.
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 110 - 121
Date: 2019
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Place of Publication: THOUSAND OAKS
ISSN: 1948-5514
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
SELF; JUDGMENT; PEOPLE; CENTRALITY; RELIANCE; DILEMMAS; FOCUS; EYEMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/14084

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