Cracco, Emiel, Bardi, Lara ORCID: 0000-0002-1678-647X, Desmet, Charlotte, Genschow, Oliver, Rigoni, Davide, De Coster, Lize ORCID: 0000-0002-6476-8233, Radkova, Ina, Deschrijver, Eliane and Brass, Marcel (2018). Automatic Imitation: A Meta-Analysis. Psychol. Bull., 144 (5). S. 453 - 501. WASHINGTON: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC. ISSN 1939-1455

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Abstract

Automatic imitation is the finding that movement execution is facilitated by compatible and impeded by incompatible observed movements. In the past 15 years, automatic imitation has been studied to understand the relation between perception and action in social interaction. Although research on this topic started in cognitive science, interest quickly spread to related disciplines such as social psychology, clinical psychology. and neuroscience. However, important theoretical questions have remained unanswered. Therefore, in the present meta-analysis, we evaluated seven key questions on automatic imitation. The results, based on 161 studies containing 226 experiments, revealed an overall effect size of g(z) = 0.95, 95% CI [0.88, 1.02]. Moderator analyses identified automatic imitation as a flexible, largely automatic process that is driven by movement and effector compatibility, but is also influenced by spatial compatibility. Automatic imitation was found to be stronger for forced choice tasks than for simple response tasks, for human agents than for nonhuman agents, and for goalless actions than for goal-directed actions. However, it was not modulated by more subtle factors such as animacy beliefs, motion profiles, or visual perspective. Finally, there was no evidence for a relation between automatic imitation and either empathy or autism. Among other things. these findings point toward actor-imitator similarity as a crucial modulator of automatic imitation and challenge the view that imitative tendencies are an indicator of social functioning. The current meta-analysis has important theoretical implications and sheds light on longstanding controversies in the literature on automatic imitation and related domains.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Cracco, EmielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bardi, LaraUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-1678-647XUNSPECIFIED
Desmet, CharlotteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Genschow, OliverUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rigoni, DavideUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Coster, LizeUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6476-8233UNSPECIFIED
Radkova, InaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deschrijver, ElianeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brass, MarcelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-187175
DOI: 10.1037/bul0000143
Journal or Publication Title: Psychol. Bull.
Volume: 144
Number: 5
Page Range: S. 453 - 501
Date: 2018
Publisher: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Place of Publication: WASHINGTON
ISSN: 1939-1455
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
ROBUST VARIANCE-ESTIMATION; SMALL-SAMPLE ADJUSTMENTS; HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM; MIRROR NEURONS; TOP-DOWN; TEMPOROPARIETAL JUNCTION; MOVEMENT INTERFERENCE; MOTOR INTERFERENCE; ACTION-PERCEPTION; COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCEMultiple languages
Psychology; Psychology, MultidisciplinaryMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/18717

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