Ianni, Alessandro ORCID: 0000-0001-7398-589X, Hoelper, Soraya, Krueger, Marcus, Braun, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0002-6165-4804 and Bober, Eva (2017). Sirt7 stabilizes rDNA heterochromatin through recruitment of DNMT1 and Sirt1. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 492 (3). S. 434 - 441. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. ISSN 1090-2104

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Abstract

Maintenance of highly compact heterochromatin at ribosomal DNA (rDNA) segments is essential to prevent homologous recombination between rDNA repeats and for preserving genomic stability and nucleolar architecture. Here, we investigated the role of Sirtuin 7 (Sirt7) in the regulation of rDNA chromatin structure, rDNA repeat stability and nucleolar organization. We found that Sirt7 mediates heterochromatin formation at rRNA genes through recruitment of DNA methyltransferase 1 and another member of the sirtuin family, Sirt1. Lack of Sirt7 leads to nucleolar fragmentation associated with hypomethylation of rDNA and hyperacetylation of histones at rDNA loci resulting in rDNA and genomic instability. Our findings suggest a novel role of Sirt7 in preventing cellular transformation by mediating maintenance of rDNA repeats and nucleolar integrity. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Ianni, AlessandroUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-7398-589XUNSPECIFIED
Hoelper, SorayaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Krueger, MarcusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Braun, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6165-4804UNSPECIFIED
Bober, EvaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-214013
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.08.081
Journal or Publication Title: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Volume: 492
Number: 3
Page Range: S. 434 - 441
Date: 2017
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Place of Publication: SAN DIEGO
ISSN: 1090-2104
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
POLYMERASE-I TRANSCRIPTION; RIBOSOMAL-RNA GENES; CELLS; QUANTIFICATION; INTEGRITY; SIRTUINS; GENOMEMultiple languages
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BiophysicsMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/21401

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