Richter, Jasmin and Gast, Anne (2017). Distributed practice can boost evaluative conditioning by increasing memory for the stimulus pairs. Acta Psychol., 179. S. 1 - 14. AMSTERDAM: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. ISSN 1873-6297

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Abstract

When presenting a neutral stimulus (CS) in close temporal and spatial proximity to a positive or negative stimulus (US) the former is often observed to adopt the valence of the latter, a phenomenon named evaluative conditioning (EC). It is already well established that under most conditions, contingency awareness is important for an EC effect to occur. In addition to that, some findings suggest that awareness of the stimulus pairs is not only relevant during the learning phase, but that it is also relevant whether memory for the pairings is still available during the measurement phase. As previous research has shown that memory is better after temporally distributed than after contiguous (massed) repetitions, it seems plausible that also EC effects are moderated by distributed practice manipulations. This was tested in the current studies. In two experiments with successful distributed practice manipulations on memory, we show that also the magnitude of the EC effect was larger for pairs learned under spaced compared to massed conditions. Both effects, on memory and on EC, are found after a within-participant and after a between-participant manipulation. However, we did not find significant differences in the EC effect for different conditions of spaced practice. These findings are in line with the assumption that EC is based on similar processes as memory for the pairings.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Richter, JasminUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-220202
DOI: 10.1016/actpsy.2017.06.007
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Psychol.
Volume: 179
Page Range: S. 1 - 14
Date: 2017
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Place of Publication: AMSTERDAM
ISSN: 1873-6297
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
STATISTICAL MEDIATION ANALYSIS; AFFECT MISATTRIBUTION; ATTITUDE FORMATION; FREE-RECALL; REPETITION; ASSOCIATE; AWARENESS; IMPLICIT; MULTIPLE; EXPLICITMultiple languages
Psychology, ExperimentalMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/22020

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