Hamidi, Mehdi ORCID: 0000-0002-7376-3303, Kavianpour, Mohammad Reza and Shao, Yaping ORCID: 0000-0002-2041-5479 (2017). A quantitative evaluation of the 3-8 July 2009 Shamal dust storm. Aeolian Res., 24. S. 133 - 144. OXFORD: ELSEVIER SCI LTD. ISSN 2212-1684

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In this paper, a quantitative evaluation of the severe dust storm which occurred in the Middle East during 3-8 July 2009 is presented. The quantification is based on the numerical simulation using the WRF/Chem D model which has been verified and calibrated for the Middle East region. It is found that, during the 3-8 July 2009 event, more than 9.67 Tg dust were emitted from the study area and the maximum simulated dust emission rate is 540 (mu g m(-2) s(-1)). The west of Iraq, east of Syria and northwest of Jordan (Al-Nafud desert and western Euphrates alluvial plain) are found to be the most active areas of dust emission, contributing much to the dust emission from the Middle East region. In this study, more that 60% of dust particles were emitted from these areas and less than 10% were emitted from Iran dust sources. About 21% of the deposited dust was deposited in Iran land, while 79% in other parts of the study area. The dust load in the study area was estimated to be more than 0.3 g M-2. The residence time of dust in the atmosphere was 6.2 days over the study area, 7.8 days over Iran and 6 days over other parts. The simulation results exhibit that Iran contribution in emission rate in the study area is much lower than its contribution in dust deposition and residence time and the conclusion of this study can demonstrate the necessity of forming cooperation for suppressing the severe dust events. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Hamidi, MehdiUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-7376-3303UNSPECIFIED
Shao, YapingUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-2041-5479UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-240204
DOI: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2016.12.004
Journal or Publication Title: Aeolian Res.
Volume: 24
Page Range: S. 133 - 144
Date: 2017
Place of Publication: OXFORD
ISSN: 2212-1684
Language: English
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > Department of Geosciences > Institute for Geophysics and Meteorology
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
MIDDLE-EAST; VELOCITYMultiple languages
Geography, PhysicalMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/24020


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