Erle, Thorsten M., Barth, Niklas, Kalke, Friederike, Duttler, Gabriel, Lange, Harald, Petko, Andreas and Topolinski, Sascha (2017). Are Target-Shooters More Aggressive Than the General Population? Aggressive Behav., 43 (1). S. 3 - 14. HOBOKEN: WILEY-BLACKWELL. ISSN 1098-2337

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Abstract

Although psychological research shows that guns are aggressive cues, proponents of liberal gun control argue that people rather than guns are to blame for gun-related violence. For instance, athletic target-shooters might classify guns as athletic rather than aggressive stimuli and thus should not be more aggressive than the general population. The present work investigated aggression and emotion-regulation in target-shooters. A longitudinal study found that initial self-reported aggression in target-shooters was higher than in the general population and further increased over 1 year. Additionally, the sample exhibited deficient emotion-regulation strategies, and this was related to self-reported aggression. In contrast, their implicit self-construct became more peaceful over time but was unrelated to all other measures. Two further cross-sectional experiments explored the causal impact of athletic target-shooting and other athletic activities (shooting a basketball) on aggression. Target-shooters and basketball players were tested before and after their regular team practice and aggressive thoughts and feelings were measured. Target-shooting but not basketball practice activated aggressive and anxiety-related thought more strongly than positive thought. Future research avenues, implications for the indirect measurement of aggression, and possible interventions to decrease aggression in target-shooters are discussed. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Erle, Thorsten M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barth, NiklasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kalke, FriederikeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Duttler, GabrielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lange, HaraldUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Petko, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Topolinski, SaschaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-248234
DOI: 10.1002/ab.21657
Journal or Publication Title: Aggressive Behav.
Volume: 43
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 3 - 14
Date: 2017
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Place of Publication: HOBOKEN
ISSN: 1098-2337
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST; BEHAVIOR; ANGER; WEAPONS; CUESMultiple languages
Behavioral Sciences; Psychology, MultidisciplinaryMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/24823

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