Gast, Anne and Kattner, Florian ORCID: 0000-0003-2124-2829 (2016). Single-trial evaluative conditioning can be moderated by instructed forgetting. Learn Behav., 44 (3). S. 260 - 270. NEW YORK: SPRINGER. ISSN 1543-4508

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Abstract

Evaluative conditioning (EC) is a change in the valence of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to previous pairing with an affective unconditioned stimulus (US). Several previous studies indicate that EC is related to memory of the CS-US pairs. Previous studies, however, typically cannot distinguish between the influence of CS-US knowledge during measurement and during encoding. In addition, by measuring rather than manipulating memory, they do not test the causal effect of memory on EC. The present study employed a directed forgetting procedure to the EC paradigm instructing participants to either forget or remember certain CS-US pairs. We found that EC effects after single learning trials were stronger for to-be-remembered than for to-be-forgotten pairs. Manipulation checks showed that the forgetting manipulation also successfully modulated memory for the target pairs and reduced both retroactive and proactive interference on memory for other pairs. Item-based analyses further demonstrated that the size of EC depended on CS-US memory. The results suggest that EC relies on available memory during measurement of the EC effect.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kattner, FlorianUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-2124-2829UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-264751
DOI: 10.3758/s13420-016-0210-9
Journal or Publication Title: Learn Behav.
Volume: 44
Number: 3
Page Range: S. 260 - 270
Date: 2016
Publisher: SPRINGER
Place of Publication: NEW YORK
ISSN: 1543-4508
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
CONTINGENCY AWARENESS; ATTENTION; VALENCE; MEMORY; US; ACQUISITIONMultiple languages
Psychology, Biological; Behavioral Sciences; Psychology, Experimental; ZoologyMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/26475

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