Balafoutas, Loukas ORCID: 0000-0002-3477-5096, Davis, Brent J. and Sutter, Matthias ORCID: 0000-0002-6143-8706 (2016). Affirmative action or just discrimination? A study on the endogenous emergence of quotas. J. Econ. Behav. Organ., 127. S. 87 - 99. AMSTERDAM: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. ISSN 1879-1751

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Abstract

Affirmative action rules are often implemented to promote women on labor markets. Little is known, however, about how and whether such rules emerge endogenously in groups of potentially affected subjects. We experimentally investigate whether subjects vote for affirmative action rules, against, or abstain. If approved by the vote, a quota rule is implemented that favors women in one treatment, but members of an artificially created group based on random color assignment in another treatment. We find that quota rules based on gender are implemented frequently and do not affect the performance of men and women in a contest. Quota rules based on an arbitrary criterion, however, are less often approved and lead to strong individual reactions of advantaged and disadvantaged group members and to efficiency losses. These results show that the effects of affirmative action policies largely depend on whether these policies are viewed favorably within the affected groups. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Balafoutas, LoukasUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3477-5096UNSPECIFIED
Davis, Brent J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sutter, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6143-8706UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-271583
DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2016.04.015
Journal or Publication Title: J. Econ. Behav. Organ.
Volume: 127
Page Range: S. 87 - 99
Date: 2016
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Place of Publication: AMSTERDAM
ISSN: 1879-1751
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
GENDER-DIFFERENCES; COMPETITION; WOMEN; GAPMultiple languages
EconomicsMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/27158

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