Noordewier, Marret K. ORCID: 0000-0001-9084-2882, Topolinski, Sascha and Van Dijk, Eric (2016). The Temporal Dynamics of Surprise. Soc. Personal. Psychol. Compass, 10 (3). S. 136 - 150. HOBOKEN: WILEY. ISSN 1751-9004

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Abstract

Guided by a temporal dynamics perspective, we review and integrate theories and empirical evidence on surprise. We conceptualize surprise as the initial response to unexpected events, which should be differentiated from subsequent states that occur after people had time to make sense of the unexpected outcome. To understand the nature of surprise, it is therefore important to take time into account. Following this, a review of immediate cognitive correlates of surprise shows that irrespective of the valence of the outcome, the initial responses are the same. Moreover, the temporal dynamics perspective reconciles seemingly contradictory findings regarding the valence of surprise, such that studies that focus on surprise while it happens (initial interruption) support the notion that it feels relatively negative, whereas studies that focus on states after cognitive mastering show that subsequent experiential states depend on the valence of the outcome.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Noordewier, Marret K.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-9084-2882UNSPECIFIED
Topolinski, SaschaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Dijk, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-282723
DOI: 10.1111/spc3.12242
Journal or Publication Title: Soc. Personal. Psychol. Compass
Volume: 10
Number: 3
Page Range: S. 136 - 150
Date: 2016
Publisher: WILEY
Place of Publication: HOBOKEN
ISSN: 1751-9004
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
AFFECTIVE VALENCE; EMOTION; ATTENTION; NOVELTY; BRAIN; INFORMATION; P300; POTENTIALS; MOTIVATION; PREFERENCEMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/28272

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