Van Dessel, Pieter ORCID: 0000-0002-3401-780X, De Houwer, Jan, Gast, Anne, Smith, Colin Tucker and De Schryver, Maarten (2016). Instructing implicit processes: When instructions to approach or avoid influence implicit but not explicit evaluation. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol., 63. S. 1 - 10. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. ISSN 1096-0465

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Abstract

Previous research has shown that linking approach or avoidance actions to novel stimuli through mere instructions causes changes in the implicit evaluation of these stimuli even when the actions are never performed. In two high-powered experiments (total N=1147), we examined whether effects of approach-avoidance instructions on implicit evaluations are mediated by changes in explicit evaluations. Participants first received information about the evaluative properties of two fictitious social groups (e.g., Niffites are good; Luupites are bad) and then received instructions to approach one group and avoid the other group. We observed an effect of approach avoidance instructions on implicit but not explicit evaluations of the groups, even when these instructions were incompatible with the previously obtained evaluative information. These results indicate that approach avoidance instructions allow for unintentional changes in implicit evaluations. We discuss implications for current theories of implicit evaluation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Van Dessel, PieterUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3401-780XUNSPECIFIED
De Houwer, JanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Colin TuckerUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Schryver, MaartenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-284148
DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.11.002
Journal or Publication Title: J. Exp. Soc. Psychol.
Volume: 63
Page Range: S. 1 - 10
Date: 2016
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Place of Publication: SAN DIEGO
ISSN: 1096-0465
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
AUTOMATIC ACTION TENDENCIES; ASSOCIATION TEST; ATTITUDE-CHANGE; ALCOHOL; IMPACT; MODEL; BIASMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/28414

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