Alves, Hans, Koch, Alex ORCID: 0000-0002-6267-8066 and Unkelbach, Christian (2016). My friends are all alike - the relation between liking and perceived similarity in person perception. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol., 62. S. 103 - 118. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. ISSN 1096-0465

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Abstract

Past research showed that people accumulate more knowledge about other people and objects they like compared to those they dislike. More knowledge is commonly assumed to lead to more differentiated mental representations; therefore, people should perceive others they like as less similar to one another than others they dislike. We predict the opposite outcome based on the density hypothesis (Unkelbach, Fiedler, Bayer, Stegmtiller, & Danner, 2008); accordingly, positive impressions are less diverse than negative impressions as there are only a few ways to be liked but many ways to be disliked. Therefore, people should perceive liked others as more similar to one another than disliked others even though they have more knowledge about liked others. Seven experiments confirm this counterintuitive prediction and show a strong association between liking and perceived similarity in person perception. We discuss the implications of these results for different aspects of person perception. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Alves, HansUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Koch, AlexUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6267-8066UNSPECIFIED
Unkelbach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-292054
DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.10.011
Journal or Publication Title: J. Exp. Soc. Psychol.
Volume: 62
Page Range: S. 103 - 118
Date: 2016
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Place of Publication: SAN DIEGO
ISSN: 1096-0465
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
OUT-GROUP HOMOGENEITY; SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION; IN-GROUP; POSITIVE MOOD; VARIABILITY; FACE; DENSITY; IDENTIFICATION; RECOGNITION; INFORMATIONMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/29205

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