Genschow, Oliver and Alves, Hans (2020). The submissive chameleon: Third-party inferences from observing mimicry. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol., 88. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. ISSN 1096-0465

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Abstract

Past research has shown that mimicry has a number of pro-social consequences for interaction partners. However, such research has almost exclusively focused on its effects among interaction dyads. As social interactions are often witnessed by third-party observers, the question arises which inferences perceivers draw from observing mimicry. In the present work, we apply a third-party perspective to mimicry and test whether observers perceive mimicking individuals as submissive. Experiment 1 confirmed our prediction and found that observers perceived a mimicking person as less dominant, and thus more submissive, than a mimicked person. Experiment 2 replicated this finding and ruled out possible demand effects. Experiment 3 showed that when an interaction partner does not mimic the movements initiated by another person, the interaction partner gains dominance in the eye of the observer. Experiment 4 demonstrates that the inferences that perceivers draw from observing mimicry partly rely on a mere action-response pattern. These findings have not only important implications for mimicry as a genuinely social phenomenon, but also for research on impression management and person perception.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Genschow, OliverUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alves, HansUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-335913
DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2020.103966
Journal or Publication Title: J. Exp. Soc. Psychol.
Volume: 88
Date: 2020
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Place of Publication: SAN DIEGO
ISSN: 1096-0465
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
BEHAVIORAL MIMICRY; PERCEPTION; IMITATION; MOVEMENT; IMPACTMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/33591

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