Van Dessel, Pieter ORCID: 0000-0002-3401-780X, Cone, Jeremy, Gast, Anne and De Houwer, Jan ORCID: 0000-0003-0488-5224 (2020). The impact of valenced verbal information on implicit and explicit evaluation: the role of information diagnosticity, primacy, and memory cueing. Cogn. Emot., 34 (1). S. 74 - 86. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. ISSN 1464-0600

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Abstract

Previous research has shown that the presentation of valenced information about a target stimulus sometimes has different effects on implicit and explicit stimulus evaluations. Importantly, however, research examining the moderators of implicit-explicit dissociations has often failed to account for differences in the properties of the instruments used to measure implicit and explicit evaluations, preventing a clear interpretation of the results. In an effort to overcome these limitations, we conducted a study that probed the impact of valenced information on implicit and explicit evaluations as measured with procedures that were matched on methodological factors. Participants first read positive and negative information about a person named Bob and then completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations of Bob. We examined the moderating effect of three characteristics: information diagnosticity, primacy, and whether information retrieval was cued during evaluation. Results of two high-powered experiments showed an effect of diagnosticity on implicit and explicit evaluations, replicating previous work, and extending it to new evaluation measures. We observed primacy effects on explicit evaluations in Experiment 1 and on implicit evaluations in Experiment 2. However, we did not observe memory cueing effects or any interactions. We discuss practical implications as well as implications for cognitive evaluation theories.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Van Dessel, PieterUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3401-780XUNSPECIFIED
Cone, JeremyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Houwer, JanUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-0488-5224UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-349323
DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2019.1594703
Journal or Publication Title: Cogn. Emot.
Volume: 34
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 74 - 86
Date: 2020
Publisher: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Place of Publication: ABINGDON
ISSN: 1464-0600
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
1ST IMPRESSIONS; ASSOCIATION TEST; EASIER DONE; PERSUASION; REINTERPRETATION; BEHAVIOR; UNDONE; MINDS; TESTSMultiple languages
Psychology, ExperimentalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/34932

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