Pfennig, A. and Klosterkoetter, J. (2014). Check-ups and screening for young people. What is reasonable with respect to psychiatric disorders? Nervenarzt, 85 (12). S. 1544 - 1549. NEW YORK: SPRINGER. ISSN 1433-0407

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Severe mental illnesses become manifested early in life. First episodes are suffered in young adulthood at the latest and early symptoms and signs are often already reported in childhood and adolescence. Therefore, it is exactly these adolescents and young adults who have to be reached to detect signs early. In this article the check-ups and screening procedures routinely offered for this target group as well as the role of groups of persons who accompany young people in a variety of contexts are illustrated. Potential extensions with elements and structures for the early recognition of severe mental illnesses are outlined. With the integration of psychiatric peculiarities and drug consumption into the diagnostic battery of the first adolescence healthcare examination (Jugendgesundheitsuntersuchung J1), the often already established familiarity of young persons and the waiving of costs by the health insurances, the J1 seems to be well-suited to provide a rough screening for precursor stages and risk factors for the development of severe mental illnesses and for the detection of a suspected manifest mental disorder. The primary role of most persons working with young people is to be a contact partner and to help transferring the person to the adequate service. Several early recognition centers were founded in Germany to offer low-threshold contact services in the view of existing barriers to care for help-seeking young persons and to provide the complex diagnostics. The adolescence healthcare examinations can be a useful element for early detection of mental disorders and damaging behavior if the utilization rate is high and actions taken in case of suspected beginning disorder/damaging behavior are evaluated. To date, screening instruments for psychiatric disorders should not be used in wide population classes without group-specific targets and without direct contact between therapists and patients. Already established preventive services and initiatives should be interlinked. The health effects of the actions have to be analyzed.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-421678
DOI: 10.1007/s00115-013-3979-1
Journal or Publication Title: Nervenarzt
Volume: 85
Number: 12
Page Range: S. 1544 - 1549
Date: 2014
Publisher: SPRINGER
Place of Publication: NEW YORK
ISSN: 1433-0407
Language: German
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
BIPOLAR DISORDERMultiple languages
Clinical Neurology; PsychiatryMultiple languages


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