Gast, Anne, Werner, Benedikt, Heitmann, Christina, Spruyt, Adriaan and Rothermund, Klaus (2014). Evaluative Stimulus (In)Congruency Impacts Performance in an Unrelated Task Evidence for a Resource-Based Account of Evaluative Priming. Exp. Psychol., 61 (3). S. 187 - 196. GOTTINGEN: HOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHERS. ISSN 2190-5142

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Abstract

In two experiments, we assessed evaluative priming effects in a task that was unrelated to the congruent or incongruent stimulus pairs. In each trial, participants saw two valent (positive or negative) pictures that formed evaluatively congruent or incongruent stimulus pairs and a letter that was superimposed on the second picture. Different from typical evaluative priming studies, participants were not required to respond to the second of the valent stimuli, but asked to categorize the letter that was superimposed on the second picture. We assessed the impact of the evaluative (in) congruency of the two pictures on the performance in responding to the letter. In addition, we manipulated attention to the evaluative dimension by asking participants in one experimental group to respond to the valence of the pictures on a subset of trials (evaluative task condition). In both experiments, we found evaluative priming effects in letter categorization responses: Participants categorized the letter faster (and sometimes more correctly) in trials with congruent picture-pairs. These effects were present only in the evaluative task condition. These findings can be explained with different resource-based accounts of evaluative priming and the additional assumption that attention to valence is necessary for evaluative congruency to affect processing resources. According to resource-based accounts valence-incongruent trials require more cognitive resources than valence-congruent trials (e. g., Hermans, Van den Broeck, & Eelen, 1998).

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Werner, BenediktUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Heitmann, ChristinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Spruyt, AdriaanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rothermund, KlausUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-450406
DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000238
Journal or Publication Title: Exp. Psychol.
Volume: 61
Number: 3
Page Range: S. 187 - 196
Date: 2014
Publisher: HOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHERS
Place of Publication: GOTTINGEN
ISSN: 2190-5142
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
AUTOMATIC ATTITUDE ACTIVATION; INFORMATION; PROPORTION; RESPONSESMultiple languages
Psychology, ExperimentalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/45040

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