Unkelbach, Christian, Bayer, Myriam, Alves, Hans, Koch, Alex ORCID: 0000-0002-6267-8066 and Stahl, Christoph ORCID: 0000-0002-9033-894X (2011). Fluency and positivity as possible causes of the truth effect. Conscious. Cogn., 20 (3). S. 594 - 603. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. ISSN 1090-2376

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Abstract

Statements' rated truth increases when people encounter them repeatedly. Processing fluency is a central variable to explain this truth effect. However, people experience processing fluency positively, and these positive experiences might cause the truth effect. Three studies investigated positivity and fluency influences on the truth effect. Study 1 found correlations between elicited positive feelings and rated truth. Study 2 replicated the repetition-based truth effect, but positivity did not influence the effect. Study 3 conveyed positive and negative correlations between positivity and truth in a learning phase. We again replicated the truth effect, but positivity only influenced judgments for easy statements in the learning phase. Thus, across three studies, we found positivity effects on rated truth, but not on the repetition-based truth effect: We conclude that positivity does not explain the standard truth effect, but the role of positive experiences for truth judgments deserves further investigation. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Unkelbach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bayer, MyriamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alves, HansUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Koch, AlexUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6267-8066UNSPECIFIED
Stahl, ChristophUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-9033-894XUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-490192
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2010.09.015
Journal or Publication Title: Conscious. Cogn.
Volume: 20
Number: 3
Page Range: S. 594 - 603
Date: 2011
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Place of Publication: SAN DIEGO
ISSN: 1090-2376
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
PERCEPTUAL FLUENCY; PROCESSING FLUENCY; WARM GLOW; FAMILIARITY; MEMORY; CUE; JUDGMENTSMultiple languages
Psychology, ExperimentalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/49019

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