Wassmer, Jonas ORCID: 0000-0003-3834-635X, Witthaut, Dirk ORCID: 0000-0002-3623-5341 and Kaiser, Franz ORCID: 0000-0002-7089-2249 (2021). Targeted suppression of failure spreading in multistable oscillator networks. J. Phys.-Complex., 2 (3). BRISTOL: IOP Publishing Ltd. ISSN 2632-072X

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Fluctuations and damages crucially determine the operation and stability of networked systems across disciplines, from electrical powergrids, to vascular networks or neuronal networks. Local changes in the underlying dynamics may affect the whole network and, in the worst case, cause a total collapse of the system through a cascading failure. It has been demonstrated that certain subgraphs can reduce failure spreading drastically, or even inhibit it completely. However, this shielding effect is poorly understood for non-linear dynamical models. Here, we study the effect of perturbations in networks of oscillators coupled via the Kuramoto model. We demonstrate how the network structure can be optimised for suppressing specific, targeted fluctuations at a desired operational state while letting others pass. We illustrate our approach by demonstrating that a significant reduction in time-dependent fluctuations may be achieved by optimising the edge weights. Finally, we demonstrate how to apply the developed method to real-world supply networks such as power grids. Our findings reveal that a targeted shielding of specific solutions in multistable systems is possible which may be applied to make supply networks more robust.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Wassmer, JonasUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-3834-635XUNSPECIFIED
Witthaut, DirkUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3623-5341UNSPECIFIED
Kaiser, FranzUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-7089-2249UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-576222
DOI: 10.1088/2632-072X/abf090
Journal or Publication Title: J. Phys.-Complex.
Volume: 2
Number: 3
Date: 2021
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd
Place of Publication: BRISTOL
ISSN: 2632-072X
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Physics, MathematicalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/57622


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