Hofmann, Winfried (1999). Untersuchungen zur Isolierung von Regulator-Genen des floralen Meristem-Identitäts-Gens FLORICAULA aus Antirrhinum majus. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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Abstract

Eine weitere Titelaufnahme mit einem ausführlichen Abstract sowie einem inhaltlich gleichen Dokument (Speicherbedarf: 14 MB) finden Sie unter: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/volltexte/2003/517/

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Translated abstract:
AbstractLanguage
The aim of the work presented here was the isolation of genes which control the transition from vegetative to reproductive growth in higher plants.The molecular mechanisms underlying this developmental phase change, known as the floral transition, are still poorly understood. Because activation of the floral meristem identity gene FLORICAULA (FLO) from Antirrhinum majus (Snapdragon) demarcates the end of the floral transition, its transcriptional regulators are good candidates to represent such controlling genes. As a strategy to identify possible regulators of FLO, gel retardation experiments were performed. Possible cis-acting elements were identified in an AT-rich region (-213/-94) upstream of the translation start-codon of the FLO gene. Subsequent south-western-screening of an A. majus inflorescence cDNA expression library using the corresponding DNA-fragment resulted in the identification of two cDNAs, HMR1 and SAP1, both encoding AT-hook DNA-binding proteins. Screening the electronic databases revealed HMR1 to be a member of the HMG-Y-like DNA-binding protein family. Besides its family-typic features, HMR1 contains two leucine-zipper motifs. SAP1, however, likely represents a novel DNA-binding protein family found in all higher plants. Additional gel retardation experiments suggest that SAP1 binds its target-DNA in a cooperative manner, probably mediated by a novel protein domain. Although a role of HMR1 and SAP1 in the floral transition cannot be excluded, their expression pattern does not suggest a function limited to this developmental process. A preliminary analysis of HMR1 antisense transgenic plants suggests an involvement of HMR1 in the regulation of class B-genes and internode elongation. English
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Hofmann, WinfriedWinfried.Hofmann@web.deUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-12381
Subjects: Life sciences
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > no entry
Language: German
Date: 1999
Date of oral exam: 9 February 1999
Referee:
NameAcademic Title
Saedler, H.Prof. Dr.
Full Text Status: Public
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2004 09:22
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/1238

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