Varga, Peter Andras ORCID: 0000-0002-1966-6326 (2015). What has learned outside of Brentano's Philosophy Husserl in Vienna? About the Influences on the early Husserl beyond by Brentano and Bolzano. Husserl Stud., 31 (2). S. 95 - 122. DORDRECHT: SPRINGER. ISSN 1572-8501

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Husserl has undoubtedly considered himself being influenced by Brentano, but his conflicts with the orthodox core of the School of Brentano raise the question whether his adherence to Brentano suffices to adequately grasp the context of his early philosophy. I investigate the biographical details of Husserl's studies in Vienna to uncover hitherto unknown ties between Husserl and Austrian philosophers outside the School of Brentano. Already during his secondary school studies in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Husserl was exposed to the philosophy textbooks of Gustav Adolf Lindner; and archival records of the University of Vienna show that he had extensively attended philosophy courses held by other philosophers, especially by Robert Zimmermann. Both Lindner and Zimmermann proposed Herbartian philosophies, and what makes Zimmermann especially interesting is that he had once been a close personal disciple of Bernard Bolzano. I use an unpublished lecture transcript, written by a fellow student of Husserl, to investigate the controversial issue of Zimmermann's possible transmission of Bolzano's ideas. While a direct transmission seems improbable, my investigation uncovers a plethora of Herbartian influences, which are interesting on their own terms and have not only furnished Husserl with important parts of his descriptive psychological toolbox but have also helped him navigate the Brentano-School's debate on intentionality.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Varga, Peter
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-399302
DOI: 10.1007/s10743-014-9155-z
Journal or Publication Title: Husserl Stud.
Volume: 31
Number: 2
Page Range: S. 95 - 122
Date: 2015
Publisher: SPRINGER
Place of Publication: DORDRECHT
ISSN: 1572-8501
Language: German
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
PhilosophyMultiple languages


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