Universität zu Köln

Drinking Water Supply in the Middle Drâa Valley, South Morocco. Options for Action in the Context of Water Scarcity and Institutional Constraints

Graf, Katharina (2010) Drinking Water Supply in the Middle Drâa Valley, South Morocco. Options for Action in the Context of Water Scarcity and Institutional Constraints. Masters thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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    Abstract

    In the light of global environmental change, aridity in the South of Morocco is expected to increase while water availability is projected to decrease. Human activities, especially irrigation agriculture, are further impacting on resource degradation. Though the government has attempted to respond to these challenges, the rural South remains poorly developed. Water institutions are created on national and regional level to improve drinking water supply in rural settlements, but seem unable to respond to the most pressing problems. The access to safe drinking water is not guaranteed and water management is ineffective. Katharina Graf, supervised by Professor Dr. Bernd Diekkrüger (Department of Geography, University of Bonn) and Professor Dr. Martin Rössler (Department of Ethnology, University of Cologne), studies the drinking water supply in rural southern Morocco and explores the local options for action against a background of institutional constraints and increasing water scarcity. In 1995 a new water policy was adopted to improve the access to safe drinking water in rural Morocco. Since then, household water management has been based on two water facilities: a conventional draw well and a domestic tap connection. Assuming a scenario of increased water usage, Katharina Graf compares two villages located in the arid Middle Drâa Valley to assess to what extent rural water withdrawal and management are influenced by the above mentioned global, national and regional trends. She looks at these factors and their inter-linkages through an actor-oriented approach to investigate the options local actors have in managing the scarce resource. Drawing on both New Institutionalism and the Natural Resource Management approach, she analyses rural patterns of drinking water management. The analysis suggests that water management is dysfunctional due to the prefabrication of water institutions outside of the village context, while the rising withdrawal is determined by a local adaptation to it. The latter process draws on existing informal institutions which fill the gaps left by formal ones, and together these institutions constitute a flexible but fragile water management solution. The options for local action subject to these constraints appear reduced and leave doubts on the ability of rural households to flexibly manage an ever scarcer water availability. Michael J. Casimir

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters thesis)
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Graf, Katharina
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-41714
    Series Name: Kölner Ethnologische Beiträge
    ISSN: 1611-4531
    Volume: 34
    Subjects: Customs, etiquette, folklore
    Geography and travel
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    KeywordsLanguage
    MA theses , Morocco , Water supply , Resource scarcity , Water management , Rural DevelopmentEnglish
    Magisterarbeit , Marokko , Wasserversorgung , Ressourcenknappheit , Wassermanagement , Ländliche EntwicklungGerman
    Faculty: Philosophische Fakultät
    Divisions: Philosophische Fakultät > Institut für Völkerkunde
    Language: English
    Date: 2010
    Date Type: Publication
    Date of oral exam: 2010
    Full Text Status: Public
    Date Deposited: 13 May 2011 12:18:00
    Referee
    NameAcademic Title
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/4171

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