Universität zu Köln

Quantum Critical Matter: Quantum Phase Transitions with Multiple Dynamics and Weyl Superconductors

Meng, Tobias (2012) Quantum Critical Matter: Quantum Phase Transitions with Multiple Dynamics and Weyl Superconductors. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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    In this PhD thesis, the physics of quantum critical matter and exotic quantum state close to quantum phase transitions is investigated. We will focus on three different examples that highlight some of the interesting phenomena related to quantum phase transitions. Firstly, we discuss the physics of quantum phase transitions in quantum wires as a function of an external gate voltage when new subbands are activated. We find that at these transitions, strong correlations lead to the formation of an impenetrable gas of polarons, and identify criteria for possible instabilities in the spin- and charge sectors of the model. Our analysis is based on the combination of exact resummations, renormalization group techniques and Luttinger liquid approaches. Secondly, we turn to the physics of multiple divergent time scales close to a quantum critical point. Using an appropriately generalized renormalization group approach, we identify that the presence of multiple dynamics at a quantum phase transition can lead to the emergence of new critical scaling exponents and thus to the breakdown of the ususal scaling schemes. We calculate the critical behavior of various thermodynamic properties and detail how unusual physics can arise. It is hoped that these results might be helpful for the interpretation of experimental scaling puzzles close to quantum critical points. Thirdly, we turn to the physics of topological transitions, and more precisely the physics of Weyl superconductors. The latter are the superconducting variant of the topologically non-trivial Weyl semimetals, and emerge at the quantum phase transition between a topological superconductor and a normal insulator upon perturbing the transition with a time reversal symmetry breaking perturbation, such as magnetism. We characterize the topological properties of Weyl superconductors and establish a topological phase diagram for a particular realization in heterostructures. We discuss the physics of vortices in Weyl superconductors, and establish under which conditions they can trap zero energy Majorana modes. Our disucssion ends with some remarks on possible experimental signatures.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Meng, TobiasTobias.Meng@uni-koeln.de
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-47839
    Subjects: Physics
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    quantum critical matterEnglish
    multiple dynamicsEnglish
    Weyl superconductorsEnglish
    quantum wiresEnglish
    quantum phase transitionsEnglish
    quantum critical scalingEnglish
    strong correlationsEnglish
    unconventional superconductivityEnglish
    topological superconductorsEnglish
    Wigner crystalEnglish
    Majorana fermionsEnglish
    Faculty: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Divisions: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Theoretische Physik
    Language: English
    Date: 10 July 2012
    Date Type: Publication
    Date of oral exam: 19 June 2012
    Full Text Status: Public
    Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2012 15:01:53
    NameAcademic Title
    Rosch, AchimProf. Dr.
    Trebst, SimonProf. Dr.
    Schmalian, JörgProf. Dr.
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/4783

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