Karki, Sudip Jung ORCID: 0000-0002-9643-9987, Joachim, Alexandar, Heinsohn, Torben ORCID: 0000-0002-1175-2633 and Lange, Berit (2021). Risk of infection and contribution to transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in school staff: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 11 (11). LONDON: BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP. ISSN 2044-6055

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Objective To summarise the comparative risk of infection in school staff and their contribution to SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Design Systematic review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline. Data sources MEDLINE, WHO COVID-19 database and preView were searched on 29 January 2021. Eligibility criteria We included studies that reported risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in school staff or transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in school settings. Data extraction and synthesis Data extraction was done in duplicates. Data synthesis was qualitative. We report attack rates and infection risk in school settings for staff and students stratified by control measures taken and infection dynamics at the point of data collection. Results Eighteen studies were included. Three studies in low incidence settings showed low attack rates similar for teachers and students. Five studies in medium incidence settings and two studies in high incidence settings showed secondary attack rates up to 16% in school staff. Seroprevalence studies, two in each low and high incidence settings showed an infection risk of 0%-0.2% and 1.7%-28% for teachers. The risk of infection for teachers compared with students were similar in one study in low incidence setting, higher in three studies (RR 1.2-4.4) and lower in three studies in medium to high incidence settings. The risk of infection for teachers in a high infection environment is higher in face-to-face than in distance classes when compared with general population groups. The risk of infections as well as risk of hospitalisation both increased for teachers during school openings compared with school closure. Conclusion While in low incidence settings there is little evidence for school staff to be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, in high incidence settings there is an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in school staff teaching face-to-face compared to staff teaching digitally and general population. PROSPERO registration number CRD42021239225.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Karki, Sudip JungUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-9643-9987UNSPECIFIED
Heinsohn, TorbenUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-1175-2633UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-583124
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052690
Journal or Publication Title: BMJ Open
Volume: 11
Number: 11
Date: 2021
Place of Publication: LONDON
ISSN: 2044-6055
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
COVID-19; OUTBREAKS; CLOSUREMultiple languages
Medicine, General & InternalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/58312


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