Weide Luiz, Eduardo and Fiedler, Stephanie ORCID: 0000-0001-8898-9949 (2022). Spatiotemporal observations of nocturnal low-level jets and impacts on wind power production. Wind Energy Sci., 7 (4). S. 1575 - 1592. GOTTINGEN: COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH. ISSN 2366-7451

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A challenge of an energy system that nowadays more strongly depends on wind power generation is the spatial and temporal variability in winds. Nocturnal low-level jets (NLLJs) are typical wind phenomena defined as a maximum in the vertical profile of the horizontal wind speed. A NLLJ has typical core heights of 50-500 m a.g.l. (above ground level), which is in the height range of most modern wind turbines. This study presents NLLJ analyses based on new observations from Doppler wind lidars. The aim is to characterize the temporal and spatial variability in NLLJs on the mesoscale and to quantify their impacts on wind power generation. The data were collected during the Field Experiment on Submesoscale Spatio-Temporal Variability (FESSTVaL) campaign from June to August 2020 in Lindenberg and Falkenberg (Germany), located at about 6 km from each other. Both sites have seen NLLJs in about 70 % of the nights with half of them lasting for more than 3 h. Events longer than 6 h occurred more often simultaneously at both sites than shorter events, indicating the mesoscale character of very long NLLJs. Very short NLLJs of less than 1 h occurred more often in Lindenberg than Falkenberg, indicating more local influences on the wind profile. We discussed different meteorological mechanisms for NLLJ formation and linked NLLJ occurrences to synoptic weather patterns. There were positive and negative impacts of NLLJs on wind power that we quantified based on the observational data. NLLJs increased the mean power production by up to 80 % and were responsible for about 25 % of the power potential during the campaign. However, the stronger shear in the rotor layer during NLLJs can also have negative impacts. The impacts of NLLJs on wind power production depended on the relative height between the wind turbine and the core of the NLLJ. For instance, the mean increase in the estimated power production during NLLJ events was about 30 % higher for a turbine at 135 m a.g.l. compared to one at 94 m a.g.l. Our results imply that long NLLJs have an overall stronger impact on the total power production, while short events are primarily relevant as drivers for power ramps.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Fiedler, StephanieUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8898-9949UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-663411
DOI: 10.5194/wes-7-1575-2022
Journal or Publication Title: Wind Energy Sci.
Volume: 7
Number: 4
Page Range: S. 1575 - 1592
Date: 2022
Place of Publication: GOTTINGEN
ISSN: 2366-7451
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Green & Sustainable Science & TechnologyMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/66341


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