Universität zu Köln

Proficiency and mechanisms of perturbation of mature T-cell homeostasis by the TCL1 family of oncogenes

Warner, Kathrin (2016) Proficiency and mechanisms of perturbation of mature T-cell homeostasis by the TCL1 family of oncogenes. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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    Abstract

    In the first part of this thesis, the oncogenic potential of TCL1A family genes was comparatively evaluated by using gamma-retroviral vectors to introduce human TCL1A, MTCP1, and TML1 into hematopoietic stem cells/hematopoietic progenitor cells (HSC/HPC) of wild type mice that were transplanted into wild type recipients. TCL1A and MTCP1 recipient mice predominantly developed B-cell malignancies after a median survival of 388 days and 394 days, respectively. The presented data indicates that TCL1A and MTCP1 are oncogenes with comparable oncogenic potential and shows for the first time that MTCP1 is not only a T-cell oncogene, but is able to transform B cells as well. The third family member TML1 induced the development of immature T-cell malignancies in only a few mice. This study provides first evidence for its oncogenic function. Additionally, the transforming potential of compartment-targeted TCL1A variants was evaluated by retroviral expression of a membrane localizing myristoylated (myr-TCL1A) and a nuclear localizing (nls-TCL1A) variant. Recipients of HSC/HPC transduced with myr-TCL1A and nls-TCL1A predominantly developed B-cell malignancies after a median survival of 360 days and 349 days, respectively. There was a significantly shorter latency period for nls-TCL1A compared to the previously described generic TCL1A. Gene expression analysis revealed higher similarities between expression profiles of tumors induced by TCL1A and nls-TCL1A. Together these data implicate that TCL1A’s predominant oncogenic function might rely on its nuclear presence. The second part of this thesis aims to understand if and how TCR stimulation affects the transforming potential of TCL1A. Mature OT-1 T cells carrying monoclonal TCR’s that specifically recognize ovalbumin (OVA) were retrovirally transduced with TCL1A and repeatedly stimulated in vivo with OVA-peptides. TCR stimulated recipient mice of TCL1A transduced T cells showed a significantly accelerated leukemic outgrowth and a reduced median survival of 305 days, when compared to unstimulated recipients (417 days). These data strongly implicate a pro-leukemogenic cooperation of TCL1A and TCR signals that might be actionable in upcoming interventional designs.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Warner, Kathrinkathrin_warner@yahoo.de
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-67772
    Subjects: Life sciences
    Medical sciences Medicine
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    KeywordsLanguage
    TCL1; T cell; T-cell-prolymphocytic leukemia; In VivoUNSPECIFIED
    Faculty: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Divisions: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Genetik
    Language: English
    Date: 2016
    Date Type: Publication
    Date of oral exam: 18 January 2016
    Full Text Status: Public
    Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 10:36:05
    Referee
    NameAcademic Title
    Brüning, JensProf. Dr.
    Schumacher, BjörnProf. Dr.
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/6777

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