Universität zu Köln

On Probabilities in the Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Boge, Florian (2016) On Probabilities in the Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Bachelor thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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    Abstract

    Quantum Mechanics notoriously faces a measurement problem, the problem that the unitary time evolution, encoded in its dynamical equations, together with the kinematical structure of the theory generally implies the non-existence of definite measurement outcomes. There have been multiple suggestions to solve this problem, among them the so called many worlds interpretation that originated with the work of Hugh Everett III. According to it, the quantum state and time evolution fully and accurately describe nature as it is, implying that under certain conditions multiple measurement outcomes that are seemingly mutually exclusive can be realized at the same time – but as different 'worlds' contained in a global, quantum mechanical structure, sometimes referred to as 'the multiverse'. The many worlds interpretation has, however, been confronted with serious difficulties over the course of its development, some of which were solved by the advent of decoherence theory. The present thesis critically investi- gates the state of play on a key remaining problem of the many worlds interpretation, the problem of the meaning and quantification of probabilities in a quantum multiverse. Recent attempts of deriving the pivotal statistical ingredient of quantum mechanics, Born’s rule, from either principles of decision theory or from quantum mechanics alone, supplemented with a few general premises about probability are analyzed and their premises are scrutinized. It will be argued that, though both approaches yield promising results, they both ultimately fail to clearly establish the validity of Born’s rule in the context of the many worlds interpretation. It is hence suggested that further research on this problem is indicated.

    Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor thesis)
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Boge, Florianboge@phil.hhu.de
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-68892
    Subjects: Philosophy
    Physics
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    KeywordsLanguage
    Quantum Theory, Everett, Many Worlds, Probability, Born's Rule, Deutsch, Wallace, ZurekUNSPECIFIED
    Faculty: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Divisions: Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät > Institut für Theoretische Physik
    Language: English
    Date: 04 April 2016
    Date Type: Publication
    Date of oral exam: 09 May 2016
    Full Text Status: Public
    Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2016 11:08:35
    Referee
    NameAcademic Title
    Klesse, RochusDr.
    Kiefer, ClausProf. Dr.
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/6889

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