Universität zu Köln

Why coffee and not honey – untangling the limits and opportunities for certifying the ‘moral quality’ of products

Janssen, Jan-Christoph (2017) Why coffee and not honey – untangling the limits and opportunities for certifying the ‘moral quality’ of products. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

Download (4Mb) | Preview


    Why did Fair Trade take momentum in some industries within certain national contexts and not in others? In this thesis, I apply the arguments of H. C. White, Tilly, Fligstein and McAdam in order to understand the success and failure of applying similar standards to various product markets through one certificate. Four national settings and seven product categories are compared – coffee, cocoa, bananas, sugar, rice, wine, and honey in Austria, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the USA are chosen and analyzed between the years 2002 and 2011. The effects of the discourse and structural preconditions (i.e. oligopolies) are analyzed in concert through the application of fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA). I investigate the role of firms and social movements in the process of change. Two equifinal paths to change in markets are theorized and analyzed. One of those paths is driven by institutional entrepreneurship, the other by social movements. The findings of the fsQCA back the perspective of social movements and institutional entrepreneurship as substitutive drivers of change in markets and the two paths. Less successful attempts to penetrate markets though certification lack the discourse and the focus of single firms or entrepreneurs within the discourse. In addition, the evidence pinpoints to changing processes over time and the need to move beyond static analyses. This study contributes to the current state of the art by offering a comparative perspective on the effect of social movements and institutional entrepreneurship on mature markets. In this vein, fsQCA is applied deductively and the concepts and paths are disentangled in a compelling manner. INUS conditions are theorized as constitutive parts of paths to change. Finally, this study compares the opportunities and fallacies of penetrating markets through certification in general - and Fair Trade certification in particular.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Janssen, Jan-ChristophJan-Christoph.Janssen@t-online.de
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-76390
    Subjects: Social sciences
    Management and auxiliary services
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    Fair TradeEnglish
    institutional entrepreneurshipEnglish
    social movementsEnglish
    fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA)English
    economic sociologyEnglish
    Faculty: Wirtschafts- u. Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Divisions: Wirtschafts- u. Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Language: English
    Date: 16 June 2017
    Date Type: Publication
    Date of oral exam: 29 May 2017
    Full Text Status: Public
    Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 14:32:30
    NameAcademic Title
    Quack, SigridProf. Dr.
    Trampusch, ChristineProf. Dr.
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/7639

    Actions (login required)

    View Item