Guo, Henan (2019). Comparison of the Teaching and Learning in German and Chinese VET Schools: A Systematic Classroom Observation Study. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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Comparative pedagogy is a crossing research domain which involves two fields: comparative education and pedagogy study. Its significance was not realized until the beginning of the 21st century. Under such a background, some large comparative pedagogies studies have been carried out, such as the TIMSS (the International Mathematics and Science Study) video studies and the TALIS (the Teaching and Learning International Survey) videos study. At the same time, there are some other studies on a comparatively smaller scale. Having a glimpse of these studies, it could be found that all of them are confined to general education. In the field of vocational education, this topic is seldom touched. Then in this study, the main aim is to fill in such a gap by comparing the teaching and learning in German and Chinese VET schools. For reflecting the teaching and learning, the adoption of teaching methods and instructional media were regarded as two dimensions. For data collection, systematic classroom observation was utilized. In both countries, 96 teaching hours in accounting related courses in vocational schools were observed and recorded with the help of the instrument developed in this study. Based on the data received from this study, it was concluded that in German schools, it is student-dominant. While in Chinese schools, it is teacher-dominant. At the same time, it was concluded that no essential difference in the utilization of instructional media exists. Afterward, it was intended to interpret the differences by analyzing the contextual differences: teacher education, curriculum, media availability, and class size, for the aim to put forward some suggestions for policy-borrowing between the compared countries. In the end, it was found that in this study, teacher education and curriculum are two significant aspects of explaining the differences. And the author believed that China government should give more stress on the improvement of pedagogical knowledge in the process of teacher education. As well, the curriculum should be reformed from examination-oriented to competence-oriented.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Translated title:
Lehr-Lern-Prozess an deutschen und chinesischen berufsbildenden Schulen im Vergleich: Eine koordinierende UnterrichtsbeobachtungsstudieGerman
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Guo, Henanhenan.guo@yahoo.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-106639
Date: 2019
Language: English
Faculty: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences > Economics > Microeconomics, Institutions and markets > Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik
Subjects: Education
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Comparative Vocational EducationEnglish
Teaching and LearningEnglish
Education in Germany and ChinaEnglish
Comparative PedagogyEnglish
The adoption of teaching methodsEnglish
the adoption of instructional mediaEnglish
systematic classroom observationEnglish
Date of oral exam: 28 January 2020
NameAcademic Title
Fuchs, MartinaProf. Dr.
Buchfeld, DetlefProf. Dr.
Pilz, MatthiasProf. Dr.
Funders: The China Scholarship Council
Refereed: Yes


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