Becker, Dominik (2013). Pygmalion's Long Shadow - Determinants and Outcomes of Teachers' Evaluations. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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Abstract

This volume comprises two papers analyzing the predictors of teachers' evaluations, and another two with the latter's outcomes as the crucial objective. In the underlying data, the Cologne High School Panel (CHiSP), teachers had been asked whom of their 10th class students they consider to be suitable to start academic studies, and whom of them not. The first paper models these evaluations as an outcome of students' cognitive ability in terms of intelligence scores, their average grades, their parents' social class, and their aspirations. Structural equation modeling is used to control for both measurement error and indirect effects of latent and observed variables The second paper adds another level of analysis by investigating to what extent teachers' evaluations depend on reference-group effects in the classroom. Contextual effects of both class-room achievement and social composition as well as their interaction with student achievement and teachers' frame of reference (in terms of grading concepts) are analyzed by three-level cross-classified multilevel models. The third paper uses Esser's (1999) subjective expected utility theory to develop a formal theoretical model of self-fulfilling prophecy effects on students' educational transitions. Teachers' expectations are supposed to affect students' subjective expected probability of educational success, and thereby their educational transition propensities. Analyses control for both sample selection bias and unobserved heterogeneity. And finally, the fourth paper models decreasing self-fulfilling effects over a sequence of educational transitions as a result of actors' belief updating. Hypotheses are tested by means of sequential logit modeling amended by a variety of sensitivity analyses. The four papers are preceded by an elaborate introduction that aims to approximate the underlying causes and effects of all research questions by unveiling the respective social mechanisms.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Becker, Dominikdombecksoz@googlemail.comUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-53137
Subjects: Psychology
Social sciences
General statistics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
social mechanismsEnglish
analytical sociologyEnglish
self-fulfilling propheciesEnglish
teachers' evaluationsEnglish
educational inequalityEnglish
subjective expected utilityEnglish
reference-group effectsEnglish
Big Fish Little PondEnglish
educational transitionsEnglish
structural equation modelingEnglish
multilevelEnglish
sample selectionEnglish
sensitivity analysisEnglish
statistical matchingEnglish
Faculty: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences > Seminar für Soziologie
Language: English
Date: 2013
Date of oral exam: 5 December 2012
Referee:
NameAcademic Title
Meulemann, HeinerProf. Dr.
Becker, RolfProf. Dr.
Full Text Status: Public
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2013 12:38
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/5313

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