Boas, Vanessa (2015). Who needs goodwill? An analysis of EU norm promotion in the Central Asian context. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

FINAL_PHD_PRINTING_BOAS_16.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB)


This Ph.D. thesis analyses three EU norm promotion endeavours in the field of security, human rights and education. In doing so, it compares implementation levels in three Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan), which allows it to draw comparisons on norm adoption rates. The objective of this analysis is to identify the factors influencing norm adoption rates and to test Levitsky and Way’s linkage, leverage and organisational power model in the Central Asian context. This thesis sheds light on the forces behind norm adoption, thereby reflecting on the Europeanisation of countries beyond the direct neighbourhood. Such a study is important as Levitsky and Way originally omitted Central Asia from their analysis and thus no data was available for a region which has largely been neglected by Western scholarship. This research endeavour has remedied this shortcoming by carrying out an in-depth analysis of the case studies. The findings support the main premise of Levitsky and Way’s model but stress the importance of organisational power in the norm implementation process. It discovers that while norm adoption rates correlate with high linkage and leverage levels, these factors alone cannot account for the implementation of norms. It is organisational power that shapes a state’s ability to carry out norm adoption processes and ultimately determines implementation rates. It can thus be stated that in order to ensure greater norm adoption beyond the accession states, weak countries should be supported in the strengthening of their organisational power, provided that they have shown themselves to be of a liberal nature. This will make it possible to achieve better norm adoption rates across a spectrum of norms. In contrast, the EU should focus on raising linkage rates with authoritarian regimes so as to pave the way for greater goodwill and openness to normative cooperation.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Boas, Vanessavboas@hotmail.comUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-66474
Date: 2015
Language: English
Faculty: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences
Divisions: Weitere Institute, Arbeits- und Forschungsgruppen > Department of Political Science and European Affairs
Subjects: Political science
Uncontrolled Keywords:
European Union; Central Asia; Normative Power Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States, former Soviet Union; China; Russia; norms; democracy promotion; foreign policy.English
Date of oral exam: 8 June 2015
NameAcademic Title
Wessels, WolfangProf. Dr.
Vykoukal, JiriDr.
Refereed: Yes


Downloads per month over past year


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item