Universität zu Köln

El "pueblo" cubano y la revolución de 1959

Manke, Albert (2015) El "pueblo" cubano y la revolución de 1959. In: El pueblo de Europa y su voz en el espacio cultural europeo: ¿Quién es el pueblo? – ¡Nosotros somos el pueblo! Kölner Beiträge zur Lateinamerika-Forschung, 13. Universität zu Köln, Arbeitskreis Spanien - Portugal - Lateinamerika, pp. 36-44.

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    Concerned with questions arising from the very concept of pueblo (“people”), this article starts exploring related implications in the frame of revolutionary nationalist thinking in Cuba from José Martí to Fidel Castro. Martí's thoughts were embedded in the major theoretical currents of the newly rising anti-imperialist interpretation of Hispano-Americanism, like those of José Enrique Rodó. This article then looks at the transfer of Martí's concept of pueblo to revolutionary Cuba of 1959, concentrating on the discursive use of its mobilizing dimension performed by Castro. Castro’s efforts are shown as having been shaped by the changing composition of the popular base of support of the revolution, as well as by Castro’s strategy of creating a revolutionary unity. This had a polarizing effect, as he used the concept of pueblo to establish political and ideological markers of belonging and national identity. Finally, the article concludes that Castro successfully connected the aims of the revolution and its popular support to the task of national liberation of and equality for the Cuban people already envisioned by Martí, hinting at the assumption that the concept of pueblo not only responded to patterns of social stratification, but also received constant political and ideological redefinitions.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Manke, Albert
    Wentzlaff-Eggebert, Christianmail-aspla(at)uni-koeln.de
    Traine, Martínmail-aspla(at)uni-koeln.de
    URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-75223
    Series Name: Kölner Beiträge zur Lateinamerika-Forschung
    Publisher: Universität zu Köln, Arbeitskreis Spanien - Portugal - Lateinamerika
    ISSN: 1438-6887
    Volume: 13
    Subjects: Romance languages French
    Geography and history
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    Cuba, Revolución Cubana, pueblo, identidad, nacionalismo, antiimperialismo, panamericanismo, Fidel Castro, José Martí.Spanish; Castilian
    Cuba, Cuban Revolution, people, identity, nationalism, anti-imperialism, pan-americanism, Fidel Castro, José Martí.English
    Divisions: Philosophische Fakultät > Centro Latinoamericano de Colonia (CLAC)
    Language: Spanish; Castilian
    Date: 2015
    Date Type: Publication
    Full Text Status: Public
    Related URLs:
    Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 08:08:57
    URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/7522

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