Meyerholz, Luisa ORCID: 0000-0001-7210-7788, Irzinger, Julia, Witthoeft, Michael, Gerlach, Alexander L. ORCID: 0000-0001-6794-5349 and Pohl, Anna (2019). Contingent biofeedback outperforms other methods to enhance the accuracy of cardiac interoception: A comparison of short interventions. J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry, 63. S. 12 - 21. OXFORD: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. ISSN 1873-7943

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Deviations in interoception might contribute to the development and maintenance of mental disorders. The improvement of interoceptive accuracy (IA) is desirable but assessment and training methods remain controversial. For instance, it was assumed that performance increases in heartbeat counting paradigms after cardiac feedback were due to an improvement of knowledge with regard to heart rate rather than due to an actual improvement in IA. Methods: Here, we examined effects of contingent cardiac feedback training, non-contingent cardiac feedback, mindfulness practice, and a waiting period with external attentional focus on IA. 100 healthy participants underwent a mental tracking paradigm before and after 20 min of training or waiting. Results: Results revealed a significant increase of IA in the contingent feedback condition (d = 1.21, p <= .001) and no significant changes after non-contingent feedback, mindfulness practice or waiting (d <= 0.37; p >= 06). Furthermore, IA increase was significantly higher after the contingent feedback training compared to all other conditions, including non-contingent feedback. Limitations: Future studies need to replicate these findings in clinical samples and examine time dependent effects. Conclusions: The results provide evidence for the trainability of heartbeat perception. IA improvements may reduce the symptom burden in people suffering from mental disorders and psychophysiological conditions that have been linked to lower interoceptive accuracy such as depression, somatic symptom disorder, chronic pain, and functional somatic syndromes. Consequently, exploration of biofeedback training procedures shall be continued with the aim of identifying relevant mediators of beneficial effects and future implementation in clinical practice.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Meyerholz, LuisaUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-7210-7788UNSPECIFIED
Irzinger, JuliaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Witthoeft, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gerlach, Alexander L.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-6794-5349UNSPECIFIED
Pohl, AnnaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-147634
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.12.002
Journal or Publication Title: J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry
Volume: 63
Page Range: S. 12 - 21
Date: 2019
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Place of Publication: OXFORD
ISSN: 1873-7943
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
MEDICALLY UNEXPLAINED SYMPTOMS; TACTILE PERCEPTUAL PROCESSES; HEART-RATE PERCEPTION; MINDFULNESS; AWARENESS; FEEDBACK; BELIEFS; FOLLOWMultiple languages
Psychology, Clinical; PsychiatryMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/14763

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