Heuser, Christian ORCID: 0000-0001-9050-5800, Diekmann, Annika, Kowalsk, Hristoph, Enders, Anna, Conrad, Rupert ORCID: 0000-0003-3207-2677, Pfaff, Holger ORCID: 0000-0001-9154-6575, Ansmann, Lena ORCID: 0000-0002-8628-7166 and Ernstmann, Nicole ORCID: 0000-0001-7685-6110 (2019). Health literacy and patient participation in multidisciplinary tumor conferences in breast cancer care: a multilevel modeling approach. BMC Cancer, 19. LONDON: BMC. ISSN 1471-2407

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Background: Decisions made in multidisciplinary tumor conferences (MTC) that consider patient preferences result in better patient outcomes. Furthermore, it has been shown that in some breast cancer centers in Germany, patients participate in MTCs and that participation is associated with sociodemographic and breast cancer center-related factors. Health literacy (HL) has been shown to be predictive for individual health behavior and is an important prerequisite for patient participation in healthcare. However, so far nothing is known about the association between HL and MTC patient participation. To close this gap in research, we analyzed which patient characteristics affect participation in MTCs and whether participation varies between breast cancer centers. Methods: In a prospective, multicenter cohort study, newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were surveyed directly after surgery (T1) as well as 10 weeks (T2) and 40 weeks (T3) after surgery. After descriptive analysis, t-tests were conducted, correlations for independent variables were run, and logistic multilevel regression analysis was applied to estimate the association between patient participation in MTCs at T1 and HL (HLS-EU-Q16 [1]), sociodemographic and disease-related characteristics (n = 863 patients) and the variation between breast cancer centers (n = 43 centers). Results: Descriptive results show that 6.8% of breast cancer patients took part in a MTC. The logistic multilevel regression model revealed that patients with an inadequately HL are less likely to participate in MTCs (OR = 0.31, 95%-CI = 0.1-0.9, Pseudo-R-2 = 0.06), and participation is dependent on the breast cancer center (ICC = 0.161). Conclusions: These findings are the first to show significant differences in HL and patient participation in MTCs in a large sample of breast cancer patients. In future research on patient participation in MTCs and HL, questions concerning the organization, communication and decision-making in MTCs with and without patient participation have to be addressed, and patient and provider perspectives must be equally considered.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Heuser, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-9050-5800UNSPECIFIED
Conrad, RupertUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-3207-2677UNSPECIFIED
Pfaff, HolgerUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-9154-6575UNSPECIFIED
Ansmann, LenaUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-8628-7166UNSPECIFIED
Ernstmann, NicoleUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-7685-6110UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-150890
DOI: 10.1186/s12885-019-5546-z
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Cancer
Volume: 19
Date: 2019
Publisher: BMC
Place of Publication: LONDON
ISSN: 1471-2407
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
OncologyMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/15089


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