Alves, Hans, Koch, Alex ORCID: 0000-0002-6267-8066 and Unkelbach, Christian (2018). A Cognitive-Ecological Explanation of Intergroup Biases. Psychol. Sci., 29 (7). S. 1126 - 1134. THOUSAND OAKS: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. ISSN 1467-9280

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

People often hold negative attitudes toward out-groups and minority groups. We argue that such intergroup biases may result from an interaction of basic cognitive processes and the structure of the information ecology. This cognitive-ecological model assumes that groups such as minorities and out-groups are often novel to a perceiver. At the level of cognition, novel groups are primarily associated with their unique attributes, that is, attributes that differentiate them from other groups. In the information ecology, however, unique attributes are likely to be negative. Thus, novel groups, and by proxy minorities and out-groups, tend to be associated with negative attributes, leading to an evaluative disadvantage. We demonstrated this disadvantage in three experiments in which participants successively formed impressions about two fictional groups associated with the same number of positive and negative attributes. Participants preferred the first group over the novel group as long as the groups' unique attributes were negative.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Alves, HansUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Koch, AlexUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6267-8066UNSPECIFIED
Unkelbach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-180684
DOI: 10.1177/0956797618756862
Journal or Publication Title: Psychol. Sci.
Volume: 29
Number: 7
Page Range: S. 1126 - 1134
Date: 2018
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Place of Publication: THOUSAND OAKS
ISSN: 1467-9280
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
ILLUSORY CORRELATION; POSITIVITY BIAS; INFORMATION; SIMILARITY; VALENCE; TRAIT; ACCENTUATION; PERCEPTION; JUDGMENTS; FEATURESMultiple languages
Psychology, MultidisciplinaryMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/18068

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Altmetric

Export

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item