Genschow, Oliver, Rigoni, Davide and Brass, Marcel (2017). Belief in free will affects causal attributions when judging others' behavior. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 114 (38). S. 10071 - 10077. WASHINGTON: NATL ACAD SCIENCES. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

Free will is a cornerstone of our society, and psychological research demonstrates that questioning its existence impacts social behavior. ;In six studies, we tested whether believing in free will is related to the correspondence bias, which reflects people's automatic tendency to overestimate the influence of internal as compared to external factors when interpreting others' behavior. All studies demonstrate a positive relationship between the strength of the belief in free will and the correspondence bias. Moreover, in two experimental studies, we showed that weakening participants' belief in free will leads to a reduction of the correspondence bias. Finally, the last study demonstrates that believing in free will predicts prescribed punishment and reward behavior, and that this relation is mediated by the correspondence bias. Overall, these studies show that believing in free will impacts fundamental social-cognitive processes that are involved in the understanding of others' behavior.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Genschow, OliverUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rigoni, DavideUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brass, MarcelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-217563
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1701916114
Journal or Publication Title: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
Volume: 114
Number: 38
Page Range: S. 10071 - 10077
Date: 2017
Publisher: NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Place of Publication: WASHINGTON
ISSN: 0027-8424
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
CORRESPONDENCE BIAS; WEAKENING BELIEF; SOCIAL COGNITION; ERROR; DISBELIEF; RESPONSIBILITY; PERFORMANCE; COMPLEXITY; PUNISHMENT; PREDICTSMultiple languages
Multidisciplinary SciencesMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/21756

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