Nothnagel, Michael ORCID: 0000-0001-8305-7114, Fan, Guangyao, Guo, Fei, He, Yongfeng, Hou, Yiping ORCID: 0000-0003-4254-2388, Hu, Shengping, Huang, Jiang, Jiang, Xianhua, Kim, Wook, Kim, Kicheol ORCID: 0000-0003-3667-9900, Li, Chengtao, Li, Hui, Li, Liming, Li, Shilin, Li, Zhao, Liang, Weibo, Liu, Chao, Lu, Di, Luo, Haibo, Nie, Shengjie, Shi, Meisen, Sun, Hongyu, Tang, Jianpin, Wang, Lei, Wang, Chuan-Chao ORCID: 0000-0001-9628-0307, Wang, Dan, Wen, Shao-Qing, Wu, Hongyan, Wu, Weiwei, Xing, Jiaxin, Yan, Jiangwei, Yan, Shi, Yao, Hongbing, Ye, Yi, Yun, Libing, Zeng, Zhaoshu, Zha, Lagabaiyila, Zhang, Suhua, Zheng, Xiufen, Willuweit, Sascha ORCID: 0000-0003-1844-8375 and Roewer, Lutz ORCID: 0000-0001-9383-4941 (2017). Revisiting the male genetic landscape of China: a multi-center study of almost 38,000 Y-STR haplotypes. Hum. Genet., 136 (5). S. 485 - 498. NEW YORK: SPRINGER. ISSN 1432-1203

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Abstract

China has repeatedly been the subject of genetic studies to elucidate its prehistoric and historic demography. While some studies reported a genetic distinction between Northern and Southern Han Chinese, others showed a more clinal picture of small differences within China. Here, we investigated the distribution of Y chromosome variation along administrative as well as ethnic divisions in the mainland territory of the People's Republic of China, including 28 administrative regions and 19 recognized Chinese nationalities, to assess the impact of recent demographic processes. To this end, we analyzed 37,994 Y chromosomal 17-marker haplotype profiles from the YHRD database with respect to forensic diversity measures and genetic distance between groups defined by administrative boundaries and ethnic origin. We observed high diversity throughout all Chinese provinces and ethnicities. Some ethnicities, including most prominently Kazakhs and Tibetans, showed significant genetic differentiation from the Han and other groups. However, differences between provinces were, except for those located on the Tibetan plateau, less pronounced. This discrepancy is explicable by the sizeable presence of Han speakers, who showed high genetic homogeneity all across China, in nearly all studied provinces. Furthermore, we observed a continuous genetic North-South gradient in the Han, confirming previous reports of a clinal distribution of Y chromosome variation and being in notable concordance with the previously observed spatial distribution of autosomal variation. Our findings shed light on the demographic changes in China accrued by a fast-growing and increasingly mobile population.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Nothnagel, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8305-7114UNSPECIFIED
Fan, GuangyaoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guo, FeiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
He, YongfengUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hou, YipingUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-4254-2388UNSPECIFIED
Hu, ShengpingUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Huang, JiangUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jiang, XianhuaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kim, WookUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kim, KicheolUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-3667-9900UNSPECIFIED
Li, ChengtaoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Li, HuiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Li, LimingUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Li, ShilinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Li, ZhaoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liang, WeiboUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liu, ChaoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lu, DiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Luo, HaiboUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nie, ShengjieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shi, MeisenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sun, HongyuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tang, JianpinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, LeiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, Chuan-ChaoUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-9628-0307UNSPECIFIED
Wang, DanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wen, Shao-QingUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wu, HongyanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wu, WeiweiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Xing, JiaxinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yan, JiangweiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yan, ShiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yao, HongbingUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ye, YiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yun, LibingUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zeng, ZhaoshuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zha, LagabaiyilaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zhang, SuhuaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zheng, XiufenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Willuweit, SaschaUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-1844-8375UNSPECIFIED
Roewer, LutzUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-9383-4941UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-233219
DOI: 10.1007/s00439-017-1759-x
Journal or Publication Title: Hum. Genet.
Volume: 136
Number: 5
Page Range: S. 485 - 498
Date: 2017
Publisher: SPRINGER
Place of Publication: NEW YORK
ISSN: 1432-1203
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
HAN POPULATION-SAMPLE; NORTHEAST CHINA; LIAONING PROVINCE; EAST-ASIA; CHROMOSOME EVIDENCE; ETHNIC-MINORITY; HENAN PROVINCE; SHANDONG PROVINCE; PATERNAL LINEAGES; MODERN HUMANSMultiple languages
Genetics & HeredityMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/23321

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