Doehlemann, Gunther, Okmen, Bilal, Zhu, Wenjun and Sharon, Amir (2017). Plant Pathogenic Fungi. Microbiol. Spectr., 5 (1). WASHINGTON: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY. ISSN 2165-0497

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Abstract

Fungi are among the dominant causal agents of plant diseases. To colonize plants and cause disease, pathogenic fungi use diverse strategies. Some fungi kill their hosts and feed on dead material (necrotrophs), while others colonize the living tissue (biotrophs). For successful invasion of plant organs, pathogenic development is tightly regulated and specialized infection structures are formed. To further colonize hosts and establish disease, fungal pathogens deploy a plethora of virulence factors. Depending on the infection strategy, virulence factors perform different functions. While basically all pathogens interfere with primary plant defense, necrotrophs secrete toxins to kill plant tissue. In contrast, biotrophs utilize effector molecules to suppress plant cell death and manipulate plant metabolism in favor of the pathogen. This article provides an overview of plant pathogenic fungal species and the strategies they use to cause disease.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Doehlemann, GuntherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Okmen, BilalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zhu, WenjunUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sharon, AmirUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-240265
DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0023-2016
Journal or Publication Title: Microbiol. Spectr.
Volume: 5
Number: 1
Date: 2017
Publisher: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Place of Publication: WASHINGTON
ISSN: 2165-0497
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
RICE-BLAST-FUNGUS; EFFECTOR-TRIGGERED SUSCEPTIBILITY; BOTRYTIS-CINEREA VIRULENCE; CERATO-PLATANIN BCSPL1; HOST-SELECTIVE TOXINS; AVIRULENCE GENE ACE1; SCLEROTINIA-SCLEROTIORUM; DISEASE RESISTANCE; MAGNAPORTHE-ORYZAE; CELL-DEATHMultiple languages
MicrobiologyMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/24026

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