Krautwurst, Susann, Gerlach, Alexander L. ORCID: 0000-0001-6794-5349 and Witthoeft, Michael (2016). Interoception in Pathological Health Anxiety. J. Abnorm. Psychol., 125 (8). S. 1179 - 1185. WASHINGTON: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC. ISSN 1939-1846

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

According to cognitive-behavioral models, pathological health anxiety is triggered and maintained by the perception of mostly mild and benign bodily sensations that are misinterpreted as signs of illness. Arguably, abnormalities in interoception may account for this misguided preoccupation with somatic sensations. Using a multimethod approach, the current study investigated possible abnormalities in interoception in patients with pathological health anxiety (PHA; n = 51) and healthy participants (n = 56). Different types of interoception were assessed with a heartbeat-tracking task and a signal-detection task for nonspecific skin conductance fluctuations (NSCFs task). Patients compared with healthy participants showed a more liberal interoceptive response bias for NSCFs, t(79) = 2.32, p = .02, d = 0.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.30, 0.68). Specifically, patients with a comorbid anxiety disorder compared with healthy participants exhibited a significantly higher interoceptive sensitivity for NSCFs, t(57) = 3.12, p < .01, d = 0.89, 95% CI (0.54, 1.12). No evidence for higher interoceptive sensitivity in PHA (neither in the heartbeat mental tracking task nor in the NSCF task) was observed after accounting for comorbid anxiety disorders. The findings suggest that higher interoceptive sensitivity might not be specific to health anxiety, but rather associated with factors shared with the anxiety disorders. Biased (i.e., more liberal) interoceptive processing appears more specific to health anxiety, but further studies using larger sample sizes and a multimethod approach for the assessment of interoception are needed to more completely unravel the role of interoception in health anxiety.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Krautwurst, SusannUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gerlach, Alexander L.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-6794-5349UNSPECIFIED
Witthoeft, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-257807
DOI: 10.1037/abn0000210
Journal or Publication Title: J. Abnorm. Psychol.
Volume: 125
Number: 8
Page Range: S. 1179 - 1185
Date: 2016
Publisher: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Place of Publication: WASHINGTON
ISSN: 1939-1846
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
HEARTBEAT PERCEPTION; SOMATOFORM DISORDERS; HYPOCHONDRIACAL PATIENTS; PANIC DISORDER; AWARENESS; SENSITIVITY; SYMPTOMSMultiple languages
Psychology, Clinical; PsychiatryMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/25780

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Altmetric

Export

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item