Gimm, Martin (2016). Henkama, Daddy Heng - A Mediator between the Kangxi Emperor and Jesuit Missionaries during Chinese Rites Controversy in the 18th Century. Monum. Ser.-J. Orient. Stud., 64 (1). S. 101 - 137. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. ISSN 2057-1690

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The author's main concern is to turn the somewhat enigmatic person of Henkama (1645/1646-1708), known under many (also false) names, into a more tangible historical figure. For this purpose, all the available sources in European languages, Manchu, and Chinese are taken into account. Beginning with investigating the very name of this Manchu official who was responsible for the administration of the affairs of the Europeans, the author tries to obtain available and solid knowledge of Henkama's life and work, possibly year by year, which goes far beyond what is normally known about him, i.e., his role as main intermediary during the papal legation in Beijing (December 1705 - August 1706). However, this mediatory role cost him the trust of all around him, including the Kangxi Emperor, who was convinced that Henkama had been paid off by the papal legate and cardinal Charles-Thomas Maillard de Tournon (1668-1710). At the end of his life, being in ill health, he became a Catholic. Henkama died in 1708 in disfavor due to slander. In the rest of his article, the author depicts another four important contact persons between the Kangxi Emperor (state administration) and Jesuit missionaries, all of whom are to be considered as Henkama's co-workers or his successors. Among these four, there are two Chinese - Zhao Chang (1654-1729) and Wang Daohua (fl. 1706-1720) and two persons of Manchu origin - Bursai (fl. 1705-1706) and Zhang Changzhu/Carki (fl. 1707-1722).

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-293097
DOI: 10.1080/02549948.2016.1175778
Journal or Publication Title: Monum. Ser.-J. Orient. Stud.
Volume: 64
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 101 - 137
Date: 2016
Place of Publication: ABINGDON
ISSN: 2057-1690
Language: German
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Asian StudiesMultiple languages
Refereed: Yes


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