Aafjes-van Doorn, Katie ORCID: 0000-0003-2584-5897, Kealy, David, Ehrenthal, Johannes C., Ogrodniczuk, John S., Joyce, Anthony S. and Weber, Rainer (2020). The Effect of Hopelessness and Perceived Group Compatibility on Treatment Outcome for Patients With Personality Dysfunction. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 208 (9). S. 677 - 683. PHILADELPHIA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. ISSN 1539-736X

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Abstract

Improvement in life satisfaction is hard to achieve for any patient with personality psychopathology, and possibly even moreso for those who feel hopeless at the start of treatment. The present research investigated the potential influence of hopelessness in the treatment of patients with personality dysfunction, using data from patients who completed an intensive group therapy program designed to reduce symptom distress and support optimal psychosocial functioning (N= 80). In the present study, we sought to examine whether hopelessness would moderate (i.e., strengthen or weaken) relations between compatibility ratings and life satisfaction outcome. Hopelessness had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between compatibility and outcome, suggesting that, for patients who entered treatment feeling more hopeless, higher appraisals of fit within the group facilitated better gains in life satisfaction. If replicated, the findings underlie the importance of focusing on increasing hope and perceived group affiliation in the treatment of personality dysfunction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Aafjes-van Doorn, KatieUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-2584-5897UNSPECIFIED
Kealy, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ehrenthal, Johannes C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ogrodniczuk, John S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Joyce, Anthony S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Weber, RainerUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-321253
DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001176
Journal or Publication Title: J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
Volume: 208
Number: 9
Page Range: S. 677 - 683
Date: 2020
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Place of Publication: PHILADELPHIA
ISSN: 1539-736X
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM; DEPRESSION; DISORDER; THERAPY; PSYCHOTHERAPY; SUICIDALITY; PREDICTOR; SEVERITY; COHESION; VALIDITYMultiple languages
Clinical Neurology; PsychiatryMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/32125

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