Tietz, Werner (2020). Praetor maximus - a vague term from the beginnings of the Roman republic. Hist.-Z. Alte Gesch., 69 (2). S. 185 - 208. STUTTGART: FRANZ STEINER VERLAG GMBH. ISSN 0018-2311

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This article investigates the meaning and the historical implications of the term praetor maximus quoted by Livy (7, 3, 5-8) from an early republican law. In modern scholarship it has mostly been interpreted as a technical term for the supreme magistrate. Instead of taking praetor maxims as an official title, though, I suggest to follow Mommsen who understands the term as a generic expression. Going further from this general idea and given the meticulous observance of rituals in Roman religion, the law seems to have used a generic term denoting any person who happened to be in charge of the community, which extended to matters touching on relations to the gods. Other than in Mommsen's interpretation, the term is here argued to belong to the immediate aftermath of the monarchic stage of the Roman community. In a period of great insecurity, when the republic had probably just barely been established, praetor maximus referred to the possibility of a rex as much as to any republican office. Thus, this term does not allow for any conclusions about the emergence of the supreme magistracy in Rome, but rather gives testimony to royal support still active in Rome after the expulsion oft he Tarquins.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-339297
DOI: 10.25162/HISTORIA-2020-0006
Journal or Publication Title: Hist.-Z. Alte Gesch.
Volume: 69
Number: 2
Page Range: S. 185 - 208
Date: 2020
Place of Publication: STUTTGART
ISSN: 0018-2311
Language: German
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
HistoryMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/33929


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