De keersmaecker, Jonas, Dunning, David, Pennycook, Gordon ORCID: 0000-0003-1344-6143, Rand, David G., Sanchez, Carmen ORCID: 0000-0002-8012-1851, Unkelbach, Christian and Roets, Arne ORCID: 0000-0001-5814-1189 (2020). Investigating the Robustness of the Illusory Truth Effect Across Individual Differences in Cognitive Ability, Need for Cognitive Closure, and Cognitive Style. Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull., 46 (2). S. 204 - 216. THOUSAND OAKS: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. ISSN 1552-7433

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Abstract

People are more inclined to believe that information is true if they have encountered it before. Little is known about whether this illusory truth effect is influenced by individual differences in cognition. In seven studies (combined N = 2,196), using both trivia statements (Studies 1-6) and partisan news headlines (Study 7), we investigate moderation by three factors that have been shown to play a critical role in epistemic processes: cognitive ability (Studies 1, 2, 5), need for cognitive closure (Study 1), and cognitive style, that is, reliance on intuitive versus analytic thinking (Studies 1, 3-7). All studies showed a significant illusory truth effect, but there was no evidence for moderation by any of the cognitive measures across studies. These results indicate that the illusory truth effect is robust to individual differences in cognitive ability, need for cognitive closure, and cognitive style.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
De keersmaecker, JonasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dunning, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pennycook, GordonUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-1344-6143UNSPECIFIED
Rand, David G.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sanchez, CarmenUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-8012-1851UNSPECIFIED
Unkelbach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Roets, ArneUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-5814-1189UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-347850
DOI: 10.1177/0146167219853844
Journal or Publication Title: Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull.
Volume: 46
Number: 2
Page Range: S. 204 - 216
Date: 2020
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Place of Publication: THOUSAND OAKS
ISSN: 1552-7433
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
FLUENCY; INFORMATION; REFLECTION; JUDGMENTS; VALIDATION; FREQUENCY; STATEMENT; KNOWLEDGE; FORMMultiple languages
Psychology, SocialMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/34785

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