Weiland-Breckle, Hanna and Schumacher, Petra B. ORCID: 0000-0003-0263-8502 (2018). A direct comparison of metonymic and metaphoric relations in adjective–noun pairs. Acta Linguistica Academica, 65 (2-3). pp. 443-472. ISSN 2559-8201

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Abstract

Theories on metaphor and metonymy make different claims about the nature of the under- lying processes in the computation of these two types of language use, i.e., whether they differ or not. Experimental investigations of metonymy and metaphor have generally not compared these two phe- nomena in a straightforward manner among others due to structural variability. To overcome this short- coming, we conducted a study in German that used adjective–noun combinations to contrast metaphor and metonymy directly in an ERP-study during reading for comprehension. By combining three different nouns with one adjective in predicative position we construed adjective–noun pairs with literal (the baby was lively), metonymic (the eyes were lively) or metaphoric (the speed was lively) relations. The data revealed a more pronounced N400 for the metaphoric relations in comparison to the literal controls. We argue that the enhanced cost for metaphors reflects the activation process of two unrelated domains via mapping or extended predication. The metonymic adjective–noun pairs only showed a small trend to differ from the other two conditions. This might indicate that metonymies require mapping processes or shifts only within a single domain or domain matrix. Moreover, in contrast to previous studies, we did not find a Late Positivity. We explain this result with regard to different discourse representational consequences arising during combinatorial processing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Weiland-Breckle, HannaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schumacher, Petra B.petra.schumacher@uni-koeln.deorcid.org/0000-0003-0263-8502UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-376629
DOI: 10.1556/2062.2018.65.2-3.8
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Linguistica Academica
Volume: 65
Number: 2-3
Page Range: pp. 443-472
Date: 2018
ISSN: 2559-8201
Language: English
Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Zentrale Forschungseinrichtungen > Cologne Center of Language Sciences - Kölner Zentrum Sprachwissenschaften (CCLS)
Subjects: Language, Linguistics
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/37662

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