Pasch, Helma (2012). Two multifunctional locative and directional prepositions in Zande. In: Directionality in Grammar and Discourse, pp. 205-218. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. ISBN 978-3-89645-899-5

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In Pasch (2007: 174ff) I observed that the direction of self-induced or caused motion towards a location is usually expressed by the preposition ku ((1), (2)). Ku is frequently used to mark DIRECTION in a journey of which the starting point has been mentioned ((3), (4)). In this case the verb describing the motion away from the starting point is gapped. These observations are in agreement with Gore & Gore (1952: 78), who translate ku as ‘towards’ and add “that it always implies motion”. The situation of the speaker may optionally be indicated by the distal adverb yo ‘there’ (more frequent) or by the proximal adverb no (less frequent) ‘here’ in clause-final position.

Item Type: Book Section, Proceedings Item or annotation in a legal commentary
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Pasch, Helmaama14@uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
EditorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Mietzner, Angelikaa.mietzner@uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-51764
Title of Book: Directionality in Grammar and Discourse
Series Name: Topics in Interdisciplinary African Studies
Volume: 29
Page Range: pp. 205-218
Number of Pages: 13
Date: 2012
Publisher: Rüdiger Köppe
Place of Publication: Cologne
ISBN: 978-3-89645-899-5
Language: English
Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Fächergruppe 4: Außereuropäische Sprachen, Kulturen und Gesellschaften > Institut für Afrikanistik und Ägyptologie
Subjects: Language, Linguistics
Other languages
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Event Type: Workshop
References: Bervoets, Stefaan Jan. 1954. Hinapai. Enige spreekwoorden van bij de Zande. Zaïre VIII, 10: 1043-1065. Boyd, Raymond. 1995. Le Zande. In: Le système verbal dans les langues oubangiennes, ed. by Raymond Boyd. Munich: Lincom Europa. Pp. 165-197. Boyd, Raymond. 1998. Les manières d’être en zande. In: Les manières d’«être» et les mots pour le dire dans les langues d’Afrique Centrale, ed. by Paulette Roulon-Doko. (LINCOM Studies in African Linguistics, 31.) Munich/Newcastle: LINCOM. Pp. 37-62. Boyd, Raymond. in print. Agents and artists in Central Africa. In: 12th International Morphology Meeting, Budapest, May 25-28, 2006, Workshop The polysemy of agent nouns. 2006, (accessed 01.06.2010) Claudi, Ulrike & Bernd Heine. 1986. On the metaphorical base of grammar. Studies in Language 10, 2: 297-335. Cresswell, M.J. 1978. Prepositions and points of view. Linguistics and Philosophy 2: 1–41. Cresswell, M.J. 1985. Adverbial modification: Interval semantics and its rivals. (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, 28.) Dordrecht/Boston: Reidel. Eschenbach, Carola et al. 2000. Lexical specifications of paths. In: Spatial cognition II. Integrating abstract theories, empirical studies, formal methods, and practical applications, ed. by C. Freksa et al. Berlin: Springer. Pp. 127-144. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1931. The Mberidi and the Mbegumba of the Bahr-el-Ghazal. Sudan Notes and Records 14, 1: 15–48. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1956. «Sanza», a characteristic feature of Zande language and thought. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 18, 1: 161-180. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1956. Cannibalism: A Zande text. Africa 26: 73-74. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1964. Four Zande tales. Anthropological Quarterly 37, 4: 157-174. (Accessed: 13.09.2010) Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1971. The Azande. History and political institutions. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1973. Some Zande texts on vengeance for death. Africa. Journal of the International African Institute 34, 3: 236-243. Gero Filiberto10 1968. Death among the Azande of the Sudan (Beliefs, rites, cults). Bologna: Nigrizia Press. 10 Giorgetti used the name “F. Gero” as the pen name of Giorgetti Gero Filiberto. Gero Filiberto 1969 (?). Cannibalism in Zandeland. Bologna: Editrice Missionaria Italiana. Gore, Canon E.C. 1926. A Zande grammar. London: The Sheldon Press. Gore, Canon E.C. & Mrs. E.C. Gore. 1952. Zande and English dictionary. London: The Sheldon Press. Heine, Bernd 1997. Possession. Cognitive sources, forces, and grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Heine, Bernd & Tania Kuteva. 2002. World lexicon of grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lagae, C.R. 1921. La langue des Azande, Volume 1. Grammaire, excercices, légendes. Ghent: Editions Dominicaines VERITAS. Lagae, C.R. & V.H. Vanden Plas. 1922. La Langue des Azande. Volume 2. Dictionnaire –Français-Zande. Ghent: Editions Dominicaines VERITAS. Lagae, C.R. & V.H. Vanden Plas. 1925. La Langue des Azande. Volume 3. Dictionnaire Zande-Français. Ghent: Editions Dominicaines VERITAS. HELMA PASCH 218 Pasch, Helma. 2007. Grammar of location and motion in Zande. APAL 5: 165-181. Pasch, Helma & François Mbolifouye. 2011. I am subordinate to Gbudwe, but your sovereign. Using a subject pronoun in object position to claim power. Afrikanistik online 8. (accessed 04.04.2011). Verspoor, Marjolijn, René Dirven & Günter Radden. 1999. Putting concepts together: Syntax. In: Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics, ed. by René Dirven & Marjolijn Verspoor. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins. Pp. 79-105. Talmy, Leonard. 1985. Lexicalization patterns: semantic structure in lexical forms. In: Language typology and syntactic description. Volume 3. Grammatical categories and the lexicon, ed. by Timothy Shopen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 57-149. Tucker, A.N. 1959. Le Groupe Linguistique Zande. Tervuren: Musée Royale de l’Afrique Centrale. Whitt, Richard J. 2009. Auditory evidentiality in English and German: The case of perception verbs. Lingua 119: 1083-1095.
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