Marynissen, Ann, Bock, Daniela and Terhalle, Amelie (2021). Op weg naar een geschreven eenheidstaal. De ontdialectisering van de schrijftaal bij Gheraert Leeu, drukker in Gouda en Antwerpen. Taal en Tongval. Tijdschrift voor Taalvariatie, 2 (73). pp. 245-295. Amsterdam: University Press. ISSN 0039-8691 (Print) ; 2215-1214 (Online)

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This study discusses the influence of the printing press on the gradual rise of standard Dutch on the basis of the language used in a selection of incunables, printed by Gheraert Leeu, one of the pioneers of early printing. Leeu was active in Gouda (Holland) from 1477 until 1484, but moved in 1484 to the city of Antwerp (Brabant), where he continued his printing activity until his sudden death in 1492. In three books from Gouda and five books originating from Antwerp, we determined the degree of dialecticity, classified the dialect variants according to their origin, interpreted the variation found between regional and non-regional variants and discussed their diachronic evolution. We found that both the Hollandic and the Brabantish dialect features were increasingly replaced by their non-regional equivalents. By rapidly diminishing the amount of dialect variants in his printed language, Gheraert Leeu contributed to the transition from dialectal Late Middle Dutch to more supraregional Early New Dutch, which was reflected in Hollandic and Antwerp printed books around 1500. So the traditional view that the standard Dutch is based on the Hollandic dialect of the 17th century, should be revised: a tendency towards more uniformity in written Dutch was already noticeable at the end of the 15th century among printers in Antwerp and Holland, who were striving for a more uniform language in order to enlarge the sales market for their printed books. The case of the famous printer Gheraert Leeu shows that the prosperous city of Antwerp played a leading role in the development of a uniform written language.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Marynissen, Annann.marynissen@uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-543722
DOI: 10.5117/TET2021.5.MARY
Journal or Publication Title: Taal en Tongval. Tijdschrift voor Taalvariatie
Volume: 2
Number: 73
Page Range: pp. 245-295
Date: 24 December 2021
Publisher: University Press
Place of Publication: Amsterdam
ISSN: 0039-8691 (Print) ; 2215-1214 (Online)
Language: Dutch
Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Fächergruppe 5: Moderne Sprachen und Kulturen > Institut für Niederlandistik
Subjects: Language, Linguistics
Refereed: Yes


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