Nolde, Nadine (2021). Sacred offerings or profane waste? Burned animal remains as an indication of Bronze and Iron Age disposal strategies. Anthropol. Anz., 78 (1-2). S. 123 - 137. STUTTGART: E SCHWEIZERBARTSCHE VERLAGSBUCHHANDLUNG. ISSN 0003-5548

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Carbonised and calcined animal bones are regularly present in archaeological contexts. If they appear in combination with human burial sites, especially cremations, their function as food offerings is a safe guess. The occurrence of burnt animal bones in only small quantities rarely causes debate, as faunal remains usually come into contact with heat during food preparation for example cooking over an open fire or in an oven, resulting in partial carbonisation which can extend to the complete destruction of the organic components (calcination). However, if burned and calcined bones are present in unusually high proportions, they often provoke the impression that they are the relics of religious acts, e.g. ritual feasts or burning sacrifices. This study uses the faunal remains from two Bronze to Iron Age sites in the Jtilicher Borde (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) to demonstrate that not only the location and situation of the deposit, but also, in particular, the distribution of burning traces on the various skeletal elements found in the different animal species, can provide important information about profane or religiously motivated deposition.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-567030
DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2020/1202
Journal or Publication Title: Anthropol. Anz.
Volume: 78
Number: 1-2
Page Range: S. 123 - 137
Date: 2021
Place of Publication: STUTTGART
ISSN: 0003-5548
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
BONEMultiple languages
AnthropologyMultiple languages


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