Xanthopoulou, Kyriaki ORCID: 0000-0001-8591-8184, Wille, Julia, Zweigner, Janine, Lucassen, Kai ORCID: 0000-0002-6335-7731, Wille, Thorsten, Seifert, Harald and Higgins, Paul G. ORCID: 0000-0001-8677-9454 (2021). Characterization of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolate and a vancomycin-susceptible E. faecium isolate from the same blood culture. J. Antimicrob. Chemother., 76 (4). S. 883 - 887. OXFORD: OXFORD UNIV PRESS. ISSN 1460-2091

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Objectives: To characterize two Enterococcus faecium isolates with different resistance phenotypes obtained from the same blood culture. Methods: The isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) was performed using a VITEK (R) 2 AST P592 card and Etest. WGS was performed on the MiSeq and MinION sequencer platforms. Core-genome MLST (cgMLST) and seven-Loci MLST were performed. Plasmid anaLysis was performed using S1-PFGE followed by Southern-blot hybridization. Results: Both E. faecium isolates were ST203. AST revealed that one was a vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREfm) isolate and the other was a vancomycin-susceptible E. faecium (VSEfm) isolate. The VREfm isolate harboured the vanA gene cluster as part of a Tn1546-type transposon encoded on a 49 kb multireplicon (repl, rep2 and rep7a) plasmid (pAML0157.1). On the same plasmid, ant(6)-Ia, cat-Like and erm(B) were encoded. The VSEfm isolate harboured a rep2 plasmid (pAML0158.1), 12 kb in size, which was present in full length as part of pAML0157.1 from the VREfm isolate. The vanA-encoding pAML0157.1 was a chimera of the rep2 pAML0158.1 and a second DNA segment harbouring vanA, ant(6)-Ia, erm(B) and cat-Like, as well as the replicons repl and rep7a. By cgMLST analysis, the VREfm and VSEfm isolates were identical. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the VREfm and VSEfm blood culture isolates represented ST203 and were identical. The investigated heterogeneous resistance phenotypes resulted from the acquisition or Loss of plasmid segments in the enterococcal isolates. These data illustrate that mobile genetic elements may contribute to the spread of vancomycin resistance among enterococci and to the genotypic and phenotypic variation within clonal isolates.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Xanthopoulou, KyriakiUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8591-8184UNSPECIFIED
Lucassen, KaiUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-6335-7731UNSPECIFIED
Higgins, Paul G.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8677-9454UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-577420
DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkaa532
Journal or Publication Title: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.
Volume: 76
Number: 4
Page Range: S. 883 - 887
Date: 2021
Place of Publication: OXFORD
ISSN: 1460-2091
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Infectious Diseases; Microbiology; Pharmacology & PharmacyMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/57742


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