Overhoff, Helen ORCID: 0000-0001-5817-2188, Ko, Yiu Hong, Feuerriegel, Daniel, Fink, Gereon R. ORCID: 0000-0002-8230-1856, Stahl, Jutta, Weiss, Peter H. ORCID: 0000-0002-5230-9080, Bode, Stefan ORCID: 0000-0002-0258-7795 and Niessen, Eva ORCID: 0000-0002-2801-0986 (2021). Neural correlates of metacognition across the adult lifespan. Neurobiol. Aging, 108. S. 34 - 47. NEW YORK: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. ISSN 1558-1497

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Abstract

Metacognitive accuracy describes the degree of overlap between the subjective perception of one's decision accuracy (i.e. confidence) and objectively observed performance. With older age, the need for accurate metacognitive evaluation increases; however, error detection rates typically decrease. We investigated the effect of ageing on metacognitive accuracy using event-related potentials (ERPs) reflecting error detection and confidence: the error/correct negativity (N-e/c) and the error/correct positivity (P-e/c). Sixty-five healthy adults (20 to 76 years) completed a complex Flanker task and provided confidence ratings. We found that metacognitive accuracy declined with age beyond the expected decline in task performance, while the adaptive adjustment of behaviour was well preserved. Pe amplitudes following errors varied by confidence rating, but they did not mirror the reduction in metacognitive accuracy. Ne amplitudes decreased with age for low confidence errors. The results suggest that age-related difficulties in metacognitive evaluation could be related to an impaired integration of decision accuracy and confidence information processing. Ultimately, training the metacognitive evaluation of fundamental decisions in older adults might constitute a promising endeavour. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Overhoff, HelenUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-5817-2188UNSPECIFIED
Ko, Yiu HongUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Feuerriegel, DanielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fink, Gereon R.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-8230-1856UNSPECIFIED
Stahl, JuttaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Weiss, Peter H.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-5230-9080UNSPECIFIED
Bode, StefanUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-0258-7795UNSPECIFIED
Niessen, EvaUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-2801-0986UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-582931
DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2021.08.001
Journal or Publication Title: Neurobiol. Aging
Volume: 108
Page Range: S. 34 - 47
Date: 2021
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Place of Publication: NEW YORK
ISSN: 1558-1497
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
ERROR-RELATED NEGATIVITY; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; ERP COMPONENTS; OLDER-ADULTS; CONFIDENCE; AGE; PERFORMANCE; CONFLICT; AWARENESS; ACCURACYMultiple languages
Geriatrics & Gerontology; NeurosciencesMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/58293

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