Moran, Tal ORCID: 0000-0002-4681-0725, Hughes, Sean, Hussey, Ian, Vadillo, Miguel A. ORCID: 0000-0001-8421-816X, Olson, Michael A., Aust, Frederik ORCID: 0000-0003-4900-788X, Bading, Karoline, Balas, Robert ORCID: 0000-0002-1906-216X, Benedict, Taylor, Corneille, Olivier, Douglas, Samantha B., Ferguson, Melissa J., Fritzlen, Katherine A., Gast, Anne ORCID: 0000-0001-5224-2448, Gawronski, Bertram ORCID: 0000-0001-7938-3339, Gimenez-Fernandez, Tamara, Hanusz, Krzysztof, Heycke, Tobias, Hoegden, Fabia, Huetter, Mandy, Kurdi, Benedek, Mierop, Adrien, Richter, Jasmin, Sarzynska-Wawer, Justyna, Smith, Colin Tucker, Stahl, Christoph, Thomasius, Philine, Unkelbach, Christian ORCID: 0000-0002-3793-6246 and De Houwer, Jan ORCID: 0000-0003-0488-5224 (2021). Incidental Attitude Formation via the Surveillance Task: A Preregistered Replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) Study. Psychol. Sci., 32 (1). S. 120 - 132. THOUSAND OAKS: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. ISSN 1467-9280

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Abstract

Evaluative conditioning is one of the most widely studied procedures for establishing and changing attitudes. The surveillance task is a highly cited evaluative-conditioning paradigm and one that is claimed to generate attitudes without awareness. The potential for evaluative-conditioning effects to occur without awareness continues to fuel conceptual, theoretical, and applied developments. Yet few published studies have used this task, and most are characterized by small samples and small effect sizes. We conducted a high-powered (N = 1,478 adult participants), preregistered close replication of the original surveillance-task study (Olson & Fazio, 2001). We obtained evidence for a small evaluative-conditioning effect when aware participants were excluded using the original criterion-therefore replicating the original effect. However, no such effect emerged when three other awareness criteria were used. We suggest that there is a need for caution when using evidence from the surveillance-task effect to make theoretical and practical claims about unaware evaluative-conditioning effects.

Item Type: Journal Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Moran, TalUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-4681-0725UNSPECIFIED
Hughes, SeanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hussey, IanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vadillo, Miguel A.UNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-8421-816XUNSPECIFIED
Olson, Michael A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aust, FrederikUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-4900-788XUNSPECIFIED
Bading, KarolineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Balas, RobertUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-1906-216XUNSPECIFIED
Benedict, TaylorUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Corneille, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Douglas, Samantha B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ferguson, Melissa J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fritzlen, Katherine A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gast, AnneUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-5224-2448UNSPECIFIED
Gawronski, BertramUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-7938-3339UNSPECIFIED
Gimenez-Fernandez, TamaraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hanusz, KrzysztofUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Heycke, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hoegden, FabiaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Huetter, MandyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kurdi, BenedekUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mierop, AdrienUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Richter, JasminUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sarzynska-Wawer, JustynaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Colin TuckerUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stahl, ChristophUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thomasius, PhilineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Unkelbach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3793-6246UNSPECIFIED
De Houwer, JanUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-0488-5224UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-602810
DOI: 10.1177/0956797620968526
Journal or Publication Title: Psychol. Sci.
Volume: 32
Number: 1
Page Range: S. 120 - 132
Date: 2021
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Place of Publication: THOUSAND OAKS
ISSN: 1467-9280
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
IMPLICIT; AWARENESS; VALENCE; NEEDMultiple languages
Psychology, MultidisciplinaryMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/60281

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